The poem “Pag-ibig sa Tinubuang Lupa” was a composition of Andres Bonifacio, regarded as the Father of the Philippine Revolution, for he led the Philippine revolutionaries in asserting and defending the Filipinos’ right to liberty from the Spanish rule.
This passionately written work of Bonifacio was one of his contributions to the Filipinos’ awakening from their ill-fated plight back then. Moreover, this particular poem was likely based on his life, his experiences among fellow Filipinos, since in reading the poem one would notice that Bonifacio wrote his sentiments about the Filipinos. One of those sentiments—or the major sentiment, at that—was the Filipinos’ lack of nationalism. Such sentiment of him is stated blatantly and explicitly in the opening verse of his poem. To be sure, he thought that Filipinos had lost their sense of pride of being Filipinos. In response, he provoked the emotions as well as the intellects of the Filipino populace to feel inside them, more so, realize among themselves that there is no other country for them but the Philippines. Adding that, they should appreciate and love their country more than anyone else, since there are no other people who can give love and appreciate their country except the countrymen themselves, the Filipinos themselves. As had Bonifacio, who ceaselessly showed his love and patriotism to his motherland.
With this, Bonifacio further—implicitly—asserted that nationalism must come from within and not from any other or from elsewhere, for nationalism is supposed to be inherent and not acquired. That is why it pained him to see why Filipinos found it so hard to exude this, more so, taught to them.
Bonifacio’s poem can be summed up to this: The loss of nationalism is tantamount to the loss of the country's as well as, and most importantly, the people’s identity.