One of the simplest and shortest definition of Administration is the one which says that “when two men co-operate to roll a stone which neither could move alone. Administration is a must for every organization irrespective of size in order to achieve the basic purpose for which they are set –up. The basic concern of an administrator or the function of administrators are planning, organizing, staffing, directing, coordinating, reporting and budgeting which is referred to by the acronym POSDCORD. One of the most important process and element of administration is bureaucracy. Bureaucracy is essential and necessary for the operation of large organizations but it has been used to encourage inefficiency, lack of initiative, rigidity and bossiness as found in the Nigerian Public Service. Young/Junior administrative officers are encouraged to be receptive and conversant with the nature of their job which should also be reflected in their mode of dressing. Also patience is expected of young administrative officers and the ability to communicate on paper is of paramount importance. There has been a move at making a sharp distinction between Administration and Politics by early writers on Public Administration. These authors postulated that “administrative questions are not political questions. They also stressed that politics is not a basis to manipulate its officers. Politics was defined by some of them as the “expression of the will of the state while administration is the execution of the will of the state”
but in reality it is very hard to place a sharp distinction between Politics and Public Administration rather the difference between the two should be shaded from black to various shades of grey.
The Administrators cannot do without the Politicians also the Politicians cannot do without the administrators - the two are to work together. The Civil servants is expected to be neutral, impartial and he should stand for continuity - he is to be appointed based on merit. The Nigerian Civil Service has encountered a lot of reforms since the days of the colonial masters. The 1988 Reform encourages corruption but the Udoji and 1997 Reforms has boost the moral of the Civil Servants. Although the Nigerian Civil Service has been neglected and full of shortcomings but we envisaged a future whereby the Nigerian Public Service will be more efficient and effective through government policies which should include appointment on merit, and putting a sharp distinction between the Permanent Secretaries of ministries and their political boss, giving of good remuneration and the sending of Public Servants jon periodic training. There is no doubt indeed, that the Nigerian public Service will be more efficient if corruption is discourage while bureaucracy which is indeed a process in administration should not be misused by inefficient, corrupt and stubborn officials.