Text prepared by Paulo Freire, in which Brazilian society is discussed in relation to the problems of education as opposed to the proposals of overcrowding and the need for mass awareness.
Education is only meaningful within genuinely human societies, and therefore, the author exposes the deep lines in their work towards promoting a liberating kind of training through a contradictory context and exclusive.
That tax since ancient times and that regardless of repeated attempts has failed to be removed, may be associated with what Freire called a "society without people," where he is far from the centers of power is reduced to a minimum, be taken more to replace that as a man.
In that context in which the rights of the poor are ruthlessly violated, and no society is possible to recognize itself as a works of subjects of history, it is imperative that education groups, where traditionalist alienation result in proposals for transformation and quest for freedom.
Education for excellence does not rely solely on textbooks, it is the duty of teachers, aims for the consolidation of man - the subject, which is aware of the historical conditions of society, combined with a process of continuing motivation to forge the conviction of self-reflection and to judge critically the state of things in time and space.
Such self-reflection is related to periods of deepening and awareness, thus enabling differentiated subjects of power, inserted into the story, not at the margins as before, but as active actors, ie actors.
However, always be considered the forces that defend their privileges and pretend to the people perpetuating a kind of education for domestication and uncritical subservience, keeping the system current oppressive and exclusionary. In this regard, as occurred in the Brazilian society of the sixties, it takes more than ever, work for the awareness of the masses, with an educational model that contextualizes development and consider options other than those imposed by tradition, education truly liberating and respectful of man as a person.
Finally it is worth noting Freire''s proposal, which to development of conscience in the village should go to training as preferred formula, within the framework of strategies for literacy is not only cutting mechanical or rote, but encouraging each who takes his training as an ongoing exploration and discovery. Become aware that it is understood in the scenario of an active method in which the subjects read and appreciate their problems, so from then are able to consider appropriate options to their needs and ideals.