The Paramatma (Supreme Soul) or God is not bound by time
and space. The great Rishis (Saints and Scholars) of India
have profoundly described the knowledge, the form, and the
human birth of this boundless Supreme Soul in the vedas,
Upanishads, and Puranas.
Veda vyasa created the greatest of greatest epic
Mahabharata. This epic which is also called Pancham Veda
(the fifth Veda) contains various teachings.
Shrimad Bhagvad Gita is the epitome of all such
teachings. It is the gem of the complete Mahabharata. There
are eighteen chapters containing a total of eight hundred
shlokas in Shrimad Bhagvad Gita.
Gita is the conversation between Prince Arjuna,
charged with leading an army into battle, and the Lord
Krishna, who acts as his charioteer and counselor.
As Arjuna struggles with an overwhelming dilemma,
he asks questions of Krishna, who answers but does not tell
him what to do. Arjuna has to work it out for himself.
The setting of the Gita is a field on which two
armies face each other, waiting for battle to begin. The
battle scene symbolizes our inner conflict when faced with
a difficult choice.
Arjuna leads the army of the Pandavas, who are
skilled in battle, compassionate and just. They face the
armies of their jealous and selfish cousins, the Kauravas,
who have tried repeatedly to wrest the throne from them
The Kauravas' armies are huge because, given the
choice between Krishna's counsel and his vast army, they
chose his army. The Pandavas chose his counsel.
Krishna and Arjuna engage in a dialogue throughout
the - Gita as Arjuna struggles between his duty as a leader
and his abhorrence of doing violence to his cousins
When Arjuna saw his friends and relatives in the
battlefield for the great battle of the Mahabharata, he
felt dejected thinking that he will have to fight with his
loved ones and they might be killed in the battlefield. His
heart was filled with so much agony that he left his bow
and arrow on the ground and sat in the chariot.
When Shri Krishna observed that Arjuna is refusing
to fight because of materialistic attraction towards his
dear ones, he advised Arjuna to leave aside the weakness of
the heart and to get ready to fight in the battlefield. He
reminded Arjuna of his duties which he was forgetting
because of his ignorance.
Oh Arjuna! There does not exist any object other
than me. The whole world is tied inside me, like the pearls
in the string of a necklace. Those who are entangled in the
material world do not know of this true form of mine. But
the person who surrenders himself to me completely and
remembers me regularly is able to reach the stage which is
beyond birth and death.
Even though the solution is so simple, but all
those whose mind has been misguided by the spell of
materialistic pleasures, have devilish tendencies, and are
indulged in corruption and petty acts foolishly, do not
meditate on me.
Here the three qualities of nature: Satva
(lucidity, balance of mind or wisdom), Rajas (passion,
activity or restlessness) and Tamas (inertia or dullness)
have been described.
At any time the behavior of a person is determined
by the degree of influence of any of these qualities on
At times a man appears to be noble, and at other
times he appears to be selfish or mean. His attitude and
appearance is determined by the quality of nature which is
influencing his thoughts at that particular time. Verily,
the Soul which is the foundation of all these qualities
remains unchanged, stationary, and un-deformed.
But man assumes himself to be like his appearance
because he identifies himself with his body and mind, and
is influenced by the triad of nature. If one wants to
realize the imperishable form and wants to acquire he
knowledge of soul, then lucidity should be increased.
Lucidity increases ina truthful environment, by
eating easily digestible pure and light food, and by being
in the company of lucid friends. Lucidity leads to the
birth of ultimate knowledge.
Bhagwat Gita, which is of eternal value, with
thousands of versions written worldwide in almost all the
languages has profound meaning to the present modern