Theodor Herzl last literary work, Altneuland (in Eng. The Old New Land), is about the Zionism. The author occupied his free time for three years in writing that book. The story is about the love for Zion, the insistence upon the fact that the changes in life suggested are not utopian, but are to be brought about simply by grouping all the best efforts and ideals of every race and nation; and each such effort is quoted and referred to in such a manner as to show that Altneuland (Old-New land), though blossoming through the skill of the Jew, will in reality be the product of the benevolent efforts of all the members of the human family.Herzl saw in his mind a Jewish state which combined both a modern Jewish culture with the best of the European heritage. He did not envision the Jewish inhabitants of the state being religious, but there is much respect for religion in the public sphere. In his semi vision he saw many languages spoken in the new country - Hebrew is not the main tongue. Proponents of a Jewish cultural rebirth, such as Ahad Ha'am were critical of Altneuland.conflict between Jews and Arabs ? not in Herzl's vision... The Arab character in Altneuland, Reshid Bey , is very grateful to his Jewish neighbors for improving the economic condition of Palestine and sees no cause for conflict.