Krishna is the supreme personality of Godhead, Bhagvan. He spoke Bhagvad-gita to Arjuna, who is in a direct relationship with Krishna as His friend and devotee. Only by the process of devotional service can one revive one’s relationship with Krishna. Therefore, Bhagvad-gita should be taken up in a spirit of devolution.Everyone is full of anxiety because of the material existence. The cause of suffering and the actual designation of life are proper subjects of enquiry. Krishna answered these questions, through Bhagvad-gita, and thus relived Arjuna from all material miseries by making him understand his constitutional position.The following is a summary of Sri Krishna’s explanations of Absolute Truth in Bhagvad-gita:Sri Krishna is the supreme enjoyer, controller and friend of all. Nature (Prakriti) is His energy. Jiva, the individual living entity, is part and parcel of His spiritual (internal) energy. Material nature (Constituted of three qualities or modes viz., Sattva, rajas and tamas) consisting of eight elements namely earth, water, fire, air, ether, mind, intelligence and false ego, is His external energy. By a combination of the three modes of material nature and under the control of time (which is another energy of Krishna) there are activities and resultant reactions. Material nature is real and eternal, whereas the manifestation of the material world (of these activities and reactions) is real but temporary.The supreme conscious Lord Krishna is conscious of all the bodies, everything and every atom. Even when he appears within the material creation in any form, His consciousness is never materially affected. Jiva is only conscious of his own body. Matter is unconscious, without the presence of Jiva.Due to material pollution of the consciousness, the living entity is entangled in bodily actions and reactions which are actually carried on by the modes of material nature.
This pollution can be purified by dovetailing the activities in full co-operation with the will of Krishna. These activities in pure consciousness called Bhakti are transcendental to the three modes and thus the performer becomes free from actions and reactions. In this liberated stage, one attains his constitutional position as servant of Sri Krishna. All the planets within material existence have the material miseries of repeated birth, death, old age and disease. The spiritual world has no such inebrieties. Following in the footsteps of Arjuna, if we act according to Krishna’s instructions, we can attain the abode of Krishna from where we never have to return to this material world.Our thinking which is now absorbed in material energy must be transferred to the spiritual energy. This is made possible by practicing to remember Sri Krishna by always chanting His names (which are spiritual, non-different from the lord) and moulding our life’s activities in such a way that we can remember Him always. It is Krishna’s instructions that this process must be learnt by rendering service to and enquiring submissively from a self realized soul, in an unbroken disciplic succession from Krishna.Vedic Knowledge is infallible, above all doubts and mistakes. The purpose of Vedic Knowledge is to know the supreme Lord Sri Krishna. Sri Krishna reveals this knowledge thorough Bhagvad-gita. Therefore, Bhagvad-gita should be accepted ‘as it is’ without interpretation, deletion or addition.