Been born in Brussels of alsacian Jewish parents and educated since young boy in France, it dies of cardiac attack in Paris. Academic, was, in the university world of all the continents, considered the more influential social anthropologist of the second half of century twenty and in the French world of the spirit. One became a figure of cult, one guru, in a country that appreciates intelligence above of any others gifts and all the virtues. Endowed with magnificent literary talent and a rich humanist vision who absorbed its etnographical research between indians of Brazil, its exhausting analysis of the etnographies of others and the made philosophical reflection from such sources, that helped to correct secularly wrong perceptions, and he was dear to an enthusiastic French public of " equality " e " fraternity ". This guru also had influence in the academic anglian-saxonic world. To know that the man, during many thousands of years, had lived in small groups close to nature, in the distance increased the one that if felt of the individualism of the urban world of today, and was next to the field of the Bourgonhe that he wanted to be buried.