"The lady of the Camellias" is Alexandre Dumas', the son, most famous literal work. The romantic story is simple: the true love between two youngsters, Marguerite Gautier and Armand. The plot of the story revolves around the fact that the young girl has a past, which, although accepted by the society, is rejected by the false morality: she is a well-known courtesan. Their attempt of finding happiness, by retiring in loneliness, fails. The intervention of Armand's father brings their relationship to an end, and only the girl's death clarifies everyone's role and reveals the nature of those involved in the conflict. Only at this point, it is revealed the magnanimity and the spirit of sacrifice of the one who was unjustly rejected by the society. The novel is interesting especially because this is the literally transposition of a true story, experienced by the author himself, as well as because "The lady of the camellias" was a real character. A significant contribution to the immortality of this story belongs to the composer Giuseppe Verdi, who has created the opera "Traviata", whose libretto is based on this novel. The story of Marguerite Gautier and Armand Duval remains present until nowadays on the world's biggest stages.