Since 35 thousand years BC. this area exposed desertification due to the cessation of rainfall, creating agricultural communities in central Egypt and the Delta in the north. The first Egyptian civilization in the region of Badari in Upper Egypt is based on agriculture, fishing and breeding birds, livestock, pottery and mining.
In the year 4000 BC, small tribal kingdoms of Egypt grew up around the Nile Valley and one of the first human civilizations, evolved early as the first order with a central government in history, it appeared the Mmketan the Kingdom of the north and symbolizes a crown, the Red and the Kingdom of the South in the south of the borders of modern Egypt and symbolizes his crown and white was for each of the Kingdom of the king and logo and crown its own but it is not known specifically the date on which grew by two kingdoms, or any of many details from them.
In the year 1560 BC. Pharaoh Ahmose expelled the Hyksos and the rest of the Asian tribes, founding the modern state and the country is becoming an empire controlled most of the ancient world. The borders of regions at different periods Levant and Nubia, and parts of the Libyan Desert and northern Sudan to Egypt become the first great power in human history, even the Persians overthrew the last of those families, the family Pharaonic thirty year 343 BC Alexander the Great invaded Egypt •
Successively in the rule of Egypt after the Greeks, the Ptolemies (since 332 BC.), Where income Greeks Egypt under Alexander the Great founded the city of Alexandria in 331 BC. which has become one of the most important capitals of the ancient world, and his successor in Egypt, the Ptolemies and the Romans in 30 BC. M. By Emperor Augustus to become Egypt later part of the Romanian Empire until conquered by the Persians again for a brief moment in 618 AD, before they were recovered by the Byzantines in 629.
"July 23 1952, the first revolution in Egypt"
"25 January 2011, the second revolution in Egypt"
Modern history books have mentioned that Muhammad Naguib led the organization of the Free Officers who staged a coup supported by the military to become the people's revolution, July 23, 1952. Named Revolution, Major General Muhammad Naguib as the first president of the Republic and the Revolutionary Command Council, followed by Gamal Abdel Nasser, who has many of the tasks of the most important of the Convention on the evacuation with Britain, which was occupies Egypt and Sudan (where they were continuing posts as a single country after the overthrow of the monarchy and declare the Republic) in exchange for giving Sudan the right to self-determination and that on the basis of select Sudanese secession, and the issuance of the agrarian reform law, in 1958 united all of Egypt and Syria under the name United Arab Republic, but it disintegrated in 1961 because of conspiracies of international and Arab countries aimed at the lack of a model Arab successful alone so as not to unite the Arab countries made up a large country strong, and the development of the first five-year plan for economic and social development in the history of Egypt in 1960 and try to develop industry and production has been the establishment of the High Dam 1960-1970 and help the country in the field of education, health, construction, reconstruction and agriculture. In the area of foreign policy, has worked to promote the July Revolution of colonial liberation movements have also taken the policy of positive neutrality, a fundamental principle in its foreign policy. Israel in the June 5, 1967 attack on Egypt, Syria, Jordan and the occupied Sinai and the Golan Heights and the West Bank of the Jordan River.
On 25 January 2011 sparked a revolution January 25 that people have demanded the ouster of Mohamed Hosni Mubarak down after claims several non-inheritance or run for elections ended in the entire failure, and gathered demonstrators on Tuesday 25/01/2011 and asked to drop the system and overthrow the rule of Mubarak and the lifting of the state of emergency Egypt, the revolution led by young people, women and children Egyptians Liberal believers.
The latest international reports on the performance of the global economy until 2050 that the Egyptian economy occupies first place among the countries of the Middle East, according to the international report is expected to occupy the Egyptian economy ranked 19 th worldwide is expected to report HSBC continued growth of the Egyptian economy by 4% to come in number 19 among the largest economies worldwide.