By the late of sixteenth century,Elizabethan Drama had become the best in the history of drama people from various profession begin writing plays.This period is considered as the beginning of new kinds of plays, the romantic comedies, the revenge and murder drama.It is also the period of unbelievable number of new and telennted playwright, introduction to a whole galaxy of new kinds of new kinds of secular drama, many of which survive to the present day.As this period is considered as the the golden age of English drama, many important names have to be mentioned both for their contribution to the develpoment of English drama and for thier tremendous fine arts. The biographies of Cristopher Marlowe,William Shakespeare, Ben Johnson and other dramatists are presented sepaately ( see appendix)
As drama became more abundnt and more varied, professionalism developed both among authors and actors.Some actors were independent companies who roamed around; still other were attached as servants to wealthy noblemen and were under thier protection.
Players & Theatres : Fast facts
Here are some quick facts about the development of profssional players and theatres :
In 1583 Quen Elizabeth's Master
of the Revels formed a comapany of players for the Queen..
In 1576,James Burbage, leade
r of the Earl of Leicester's men, built the first permanent theater,
called " The Theatre,
" in a field near shoredicth, out of the city and thus out of the control of the
Lord Mayor, who was the official " censor" of plays.
Other permanent, public theatres
soon followed : the Curtain,1577; the Rose,1588;the
Shakespeare's theatre.the Glob
e, was built in 1598.
In additional to the public theatres, there were private ones, chief among them the Blackfriars
(1576).They were different from public theatres because they :
- were roofed,
- had more elaborate interior arrangements,and
- presnted plays originally acted by child plays.
The growing popularity and diversity of the drama, its secularization, and the growth of a class of writers who were not members of holy orders led in the 16th century to a new literary phenomenon,the secular professional playwright
. The fist to exploit this situation was a group of writers known as the University Wits
,young men who had graduated at Oxford
or or Cambridge with no patrons to sponsor their literary efforts and no desire to enter the Church .They turned to playwriting to meke a living. In doing so they made Elizabethan drama more literary and more dramatic - and they also had an important influence on both private and public theaters because they worked for each. They set the course for later Elizabethan and Jacobean drama, and they paved they way for Shakespeare.