Pepper (Piper nigrum Linn or pepper) that the housewife is often referred to as "Merica", is one of the leading commodity for Indonesia. Economically pepper is a source of income of farmers and non-oil foreign exchange. Socially, a traditional commodity that has been cultivated for a long time and their business activities into a provider of employment is quite widespread, especially in central areas of production. Benefits of pepper in the household as a spice flavor compounds containing alkolid piperine, spicy taste. Moderate benefits for health, pepper can loosen respiratory tract and blood flow around the head.Therefore, the spicy pepper dishes suitable for people with influenza, headache, abdominal bloating and nausea caused by colds.
Cuisine that uses pepper and are suitable for health such as steak sauces, soups and so on. By type of pepper there are two kinds of white pepper and black pepper. White pepper is the fruit of pepper pepper fruit was picked when ripe. Then peeled by immersion in running water for two weeks, then dried for three days. Moderate pepper black pepper fruit that is picked when mature but still green skin, and directly in the sun for three days without soaking first.
Benefits and processing
During this pepper is used is limited to the food industry, especially for meat preservative, seasoning food, and a mixture of drugs. But there are also used for the pharmaceutical industry as one of the fragrance ingredient. It also can be processed into pepper ground pepper (black pepper), white pepper (white pepper), black pepper sauce (black pepper sauce), dried green pepper (Dehydrated green pepper), green pepper freeze-dried (freeze dried green pepper) , frozen pepper (frozen peppers), chili (green pepper sauce), green pepper sause (green pepper sauce), ground white pepper (ground white pepper), ground black pepper (ground black pepper), which is used for health pepper (pepper in medicinal use), tofu pepper (pepper beancurd), pastry pepper (pepper cookies), pepper in a bottle (pepper in brine-cane, bottle, bulk), mayonnaise pepper (pepper mayonnaise), oil, pepper (pepper oil), pepper oleoresin (pepper oleoresin), perfume pepper (pepper perfume), fragrances pepper (pepper potpourri), sweet pepper (sweet pepper), tea, pepper (pepper tea), youghurt pepper (pepper youghurt), preserved green pepper (green pepper Preserved). While the products developed from pepper were divided into three groups: black pepper, white pepper and green pepper. In general, black pepper and white pepper is used for the purposes of the kitchen, spices, perfumes and medicines. Developed countries import mostly made of black pepper powder.
United States is a potential market for black pepper and black pepper products. Traditionally processing black pepper, pepper fruit that is harvested and separated from the stalk by being trampled before drying or dried. To improve processing efficiency, have been engineered better tools pepper thresher driven by pedal berkapsitas 120 kg per hour. Unlike the processing of white pepper. Seeds of pepper that has been cooked and then soaked in water for seven to nine days to soften the skin. Then the skin is scrubbed and washed and dried. White pepper is often used for snacks, sauces and soups. Western Europe is a potential market for white pepper.
Processing of white pepper is traditionally carried out by immersing the fruit of pepper in a ditch or river days 10-14 days to soften the skin. Then crushed in order to remove the skin while washing. To solve odor problems due to microbes, have engineered a mechanically pepper processing equipment. The advantages gained from this tool is a faster processing time, smell better and hygienic. Pepper fruit to be peeled first knocked out of the shaft, then inserted into the peeler.