The advent of modern age technology has given this world a more precise direction. Because of the various natural calamities affecting us unpredictably, the needs for strong and faultless constructions have become a necessity. Earlier, due to the prevalence of the 2-D design or layout, a lot of the functions required and the facilities involved in the construction would not evolve in the 2-D design. Plans used to be ‘lost in translation’ and functions and facilities could not be clearly determined. This used to lead to many unproductive decisions and the waste of a lot of time, money and resources.
The development of Building Information Modeling (BIM) has carved a niche in the whole construction and engineering business. Building Information Modeling is an integration of the digital and physical elements of construction from planning to the actual finished landmark. BIM modeling creates a 3-D image of the virtual construction with the help of highly skilled software, which helps all involved – the engineers, contractors, architects, etc – to get a complete idea of what is needed to be done to achieve the result they are working towards by actually constructing the building before hand in a virtual medium. Thus the resultant model becomes a source of knowledge for all the experts involved in the project to derive exact detailing and geometrical measurement which also fastens the decision making process.
Building Information Modeling not only includes the primary dimensions of Height, Width and Depth, but it adds two new dimensions i.e. Time and Cost, making BIM a 5-D construction image of the modern generation. Building Information Modeling also includes the geographical elements of the facility, quantities of material required for the construction. This pre-conceived clear determination of the building consequentially leads to a better construction while respecting the time constraints and also lessens residual waste which previously used to occur due to indecisions or wrong conceptions.
BIM modeling reduces the amount of inevitable conflict of ideas between the professionals of different fields and also the proprietor. This is because all the conflict is limited to Building Information Modeling design stage, where all the compatible plans are integrated in the final design and everybody gets a clear direction of their purpose for the facility. All the professionals can provide their critical opinions at the designing stage and the problems which are expected to arise during the construction and be taken care of. There is no loss of information between the construction team and the facility designing team because Building Information Modeling system retains all the details of the plans
Biggest advantage of Building Information Modeling is that it points out all the errors and construction issues before actual construction begins. This helps the contractors to plan out the measures before hand needed to tackle a problem when it arises, thus saving any dangerous situation. BIM modeling not only ensures the perfection of the final construction, but it also ensures the Building Information Modeling perfect management of the whole process of the work involved.