Today, Building information modeling (BIM) has revolutionized the way buildings are getting constructed. BIM is basically digital representation of a facility or a building yet to be constructed. It is like virtually creating the entire building with all the components that would be used in the actual construction.
Therefore, implementing BIM helps the constructors to easily identify and define the actual process of the construction. It helps all the aspects of the construction, be it architectural, structural or the MEP segment. Building information modeling helps all these different segments of construction to be combined together before the building is built so that one can asses the perfection and take care of any fluctuations. It is an integration a project’s physical and functional feature on a digital ground before the actual construction takes place. BIM solutions are available today which provides builders with reliable and high precision information through software like Autodesk Revit, ArchiCAD, Bentley etc.
Use of Building information modeling helps the professionals in numerous ways. It helps the architects to design innovative projects without having to worry about its errors or precision aspect at a later stage. It also helps give the design a model exactly the way building would be constructed keeping in mind even the most minute detail in a building. Apart from this, it also addresses a lot of construction constraints and data requirement like Bill of materials, quantity take offs etc. All these leads to quicker completion of the projects cut down expenses and affect the environment in the least possible manner.
Building information modeling works in the same manner for every domain. Like Architects, Structural Engineers can create a virtual BIM model of the building and include every element of structural detailing in it. This can be then coordinated with the Architectural Model in order to check the compatibility. It can later be coordinated with the mechanical BIM model as well as the models of the electrical, plumbing engineers. If any fault is found at this stage, it can be immediately corrected by going back to the design stage. This indeed saves on a lot of hassle because the construction has not begun yet. The digital BIM model is analyzed and integrated with design and other construction documents. This then forms the basis on which the design to fabrication process occurs and the construction is done. It is the BIM model that gives the engineers an in depth information about quantity and the exact materials required. It helps designers to explore each and every available option before the design can be finalized thereby resulting in a building that can endure the wrath of time.