What is organizational change?
Organizational change means any change that occurs in the work environment. The change could be minor of major. Usually Organizational change re-aligns organizational systems and deal with the factors prevailing in the external environment of an organization. Sometimes, a change is effected to revamp the internal systems of the organization.
Organizational change can be described as a situation which emerge due to some management decisions that have an effect on employees.
What are the forces prompting change?
The forces prompting change can be categorized as,
- EXTERNAL CHANGE FORCES and
- INTERNAL CHANGE FORCES
EXTERNAL CHANGE FORCES
The forces compels from outside the organization, (on which organization normally have no or minimal control) are termed as External Change Forces. The external forces effecting change are:
Nowadays most of the organizations use technology as a means to improve productivity and market competitiveness. Hence, to retain and advance in competitive market, it is very important for organizations to keep themselves update according to the technological advancements, which are taking place at very fast rate.
The emerging global economy has the changed the style of business. Now the market competitors are not from only contiguous area but from throughout the world. This compels every business house to retain quality, lower prices, client satisfaction, etc; to sustain.
Social and political pressure
The needs, values and priorities of customers and political circumstances are unstable. Managers need to adjust their management styles to meet these values and needs.
INTERNAL CHANGE FORCES
The forces compels from inside the organization, (basically under the organization control) are called Internal Change Forces. The Internal forces effecting change are:
Any organization can not progress without the commitment and dedication of its employees. Hence their perceptions, about individual and organizational needs should be considered important. Dissatisfaction among employees regarding about the working conditions and individual and organizational needs may lead to conflict between management and employees. Excessive interpersonal conflict is often a clear sign that change is needed.