Resistance to change:
Most people don't like change because they don't like being changed. When change comes into view, fear and resistance developed. Resistance to change is the action taken by individuals and groups when they recognize that the change may threat their interest. Resistance may be active or passive, overt or covert, individual or organized, aggressive or timid.
Types of resistance:
Fear of the unknown:
No one can say precisely about the consequences of change, and this uncertainty builds up discomfort. The uncertainty and discomfort cause negative reactions among people and they are encouraged to resist change.
Fear of failure:
The change may require advanced skill and abilities that may be beyond employees’ capabilities. In such situation, the employee may feel that his interests regarding jobs, power or status in an organization are at risk and this fear lead him to resist the change.
LOGICAL RESISTANCE TO CHANGE
Power and Conflict:
Resistance to change also occurs when a change may benefit one department within the organization while harming another.
Misinterpretation of change:
People resist change when they do not understand it. Such situation occurs when the proposed change is not consulted with the employees and supposed to be enforced as an order. People like to know what going on in their organization, especially if something is related with their jobs.
Not agreed with the impact of changes:
When employees feel that the change would increase their working hors and duties and disturb but the benefits and rewards are not seen as adequate, they resist.
Over a period of time, the members of a group develop understanding and interpersonal relationship. The group members resist the change when they believe that it will alter interpersonal relation and coordination among group.
Disturbance in established pattern:
The employees and management are tending to develop a pattern of working. When they recognize that the proposed change can force them to modify their established pattern, they resist the change.