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Shvoong Home>Business & Finance>Management & Leadership>the seven theories of motivation Review

the seven theories of motivation

Book Review   by:abiisyarfaq     Original Author: iman mulyana
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This abstract was translated from Tujuh Teori Motivasi
 
Tulis terjemahan Anda di sini. In general the theorists behavior of opinion that in every its(the behavior man haves a purpose which will be reached. Existence of purpose of the, becomes synergy fulcrums with the motivation theorists trying berfikir and looks for way that man can be pushed contribution to fulfill requirement and organization desire. Important labour motivated to reach purpose of organization. Unmotivated of they work in a state of ill will strike at no contribution even open harming contribution opportunity. The theory hierarkhi requirement of Maslow implies man to work motivated by requirement of matching with time, situation and its(the experience. Labour motivats by requirement which has not fufilled where level of higher level requirement emerged after level before all. Each the requirement level, not other : physiological requirement, security, social, appreciation, materialization of x''self. From physiological moved to level of highest requirement, that is, materialization of x''self step by step. Escapes receives or not requirement berhierarkhi, knows its(the types is give contribution of cross is each other fulfill. Like someone makes every effort looks for work that is is other not of implementation of its(the ability to fulfill physiological requirement. Then how with new baby fact is borne is not directly eats but s(he to weep which is other not of social need. Also still about baby, some researchs proves baby to weep if we like to suckled by its(the mother. Which at least joking seen case many companies recruits direct sales force on condition that has vehicle of beroda four ( Car). In general is known Frederick Herbertg to theorize two situation thats to influence labour when working. Situation pertama,yaitu, satisfying meaning source of job satisfaction seperti:prestasi, inauguration result of job(activity, fascination of work, and responsibility and progress. Second situation not other in-(un- puasan is steming from: policy, supervision, money, status, security, the relation of between mans, and working condition. In this case, if first situation there is no didn''t generate in-(un- abundant puasan. Because dissatisfation emerges from getting the run around second situation. Attention to situation indicator firstly becomes motivation of labour in works. Seems to based on this theory if we like to labour motivated hence must give first situation. Then famous Mc Gregor with the theory X and theory Y. The theory X gives manager message must give tight observation, duties that is clear, and specifies reward or penalization. The thing, because man prefer to be observed than free, reluctant held responsible, lazy and wishs is safe only, main motivation gets money''s worth and sanction fear. On the contrary the theory Y points manager must be open and pushs labour interest initiative. The theory Y assumption of man likes job(activity, because working not other of natural activity. Observation x''self haves the character of esensial. Thereby, the unfavourable X theory and the theory Y is good. No .. not that way but wisely the theory X and Y is applied according to situation.
Sometimes must be egoist, and sometimes also democratic. Someone motif intensity does something is function of value every result that is possibly is reached with perception of its(the usefulness. Motivation equal to result of multiplied value always result of its(the calculation is multiplied again with ekspektasi. However the thing, conditional of man puts down value to thing expected [by] it and considers confidence to give contribution to purpose. Then ability works and accurate perception about its(the role in organization is required. Said that, be the motivation of hope theory where Vroom is man who its(the egg. While Porter and Lawler gives commemoration of perception usahayang is surrounded [by] ability and role of its(the job(activity yielding effective mode of action to reach achieher initiative x''self and also non initiative x''self causing gets a run for competent and satisfaction. The motivation of achievement theory affirms man to work pushed by requirement of achievement, affiliate, and power. Requirement of achievement mirror from desire of someone takes duty consistently responsible where to reach its(the purpose s(he mengahdapi risk dare to and pays attention to feedback. Requirement of affiliate ditunjukan by brotherly desire, pays attention to aspect between persons, cooperates, empathy, and effective in working. While requirement of power seen at someone which will to have an effect on to others, quickly listens carefully to problem, active implements organization policy, love to assist people ldengan is impressing and always takes care of achievement, reputation and its(the position. Now we try integrating theorys which has been told with approach bases integratif. Combination from two hope symptom directions and requirement as business is motivating. Bases on approach that way, hence we recognize three things about motivation of job(activity. Firstly, all important individual need is attainment, power, affiliate, calculation, dependency, extension. Second, motivation of job(activity grows at strength changed in requirement pattern and trust to work in organization. Third, psychological end result of people works not other of satisfaction obtained from its(the job(activity and role. In few words motivates done by the way of fulfilling requirement and satisfaction of labour where organization menetukan can x''self its(the requirement pattern and satisfaction without disregarding labour.
Published: December 19, 2007   
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