To understand the role of team leader we need to understand work of teams why teams are made. Teams are made for specific goal or objective and purpose to achieve that goal. Teams are accountable for individual and mutual performance, and are interdependent in terms of task. In teams, skills are complement with other members. Effective teams will build when good coordination establish. Now it comes in our mind who will contribute to make team a successful team.
A team leader can resolve all these issues, therefore role of team leader has numerous significance and they act as liaisons, troubleshooters, manage conflict and coach team members. Team leader produces the most effective and efficient system for generating productivity and profitability. Role of leader is vital for both in building and giving strength and power to team and organization, and helping to manage relationships and resources.
Team leaders are liaisons with external constituencies: Therefore leaders are needed to interact with upper management, other organizational work teams, customers or suppliers. Team leaders represent his team to external and internal constituencies. He also secure needed resources and clarifies expectations of team members to others. Team leader gather information from outside and share that information with team members.
Team leaders are troubleshooters : when team has some problem and asks for assistance, team leader arranges meetings and tries to resolve the problem. They ask team members about problem and suggestions as well. And get resources to tackle the problem. Problems on technical or operational matters must be resolved to obtain objectives.
Team leader plays role of conflict manager: they help in resolving the conflicts, which arise due to disagreement of issues or ideas. Leader help in identifying issues such as source of the conflict, what are the resolution options available, and advantages and disadvantages of each idea. Team leader address the question of his team members and try to minimize dysfunctional conflicts.
Team leaders are coaches of their team: They clarify the expectations and roles of each team member. Team leader show them right direction, motivate and inspire them to perform at their best and do whatever is necessary to help team members to keep their work performance level high. And control or discourage any actions which may be damaging to the business as a whole.
The team leader may also play a key role in selecting the other members of the team. Serving as the primary communication link between the sponsor and the team and works on coordinating team logistics. Planning and evaluating team meetings with the team facilitator and keep official records of team activities. Provide access to any information the team needs regarding process improvement. Team leader also facilitate to bridge to each next step in the structured problem solving process.
A team leader with significance characteristics can make a successful team that lead towards its objective. Team leader explain and describe objective to their team members to build effectiveness and efficiency, and to improve team performance. And role of team leader is most important to reduce conflicts. Team leader tells about the context and describe specific goal to all team members, who is doing what? Who will work on a particular task? Team leader explain about the task and features related to it.
Team leader work design on important variables and give freedom and autonomy to his or her team members to put their best possible efforts and can utilize their variety of skills. He gives freedom of work, depend upon task significance.
Teams are made up from different departments and have different approach. This makes a diverse team and diversity of teams sometimes enhance dissatisfaction because team members are not agreeing on one solution or idea so this creates delay. At this situation team leader try to control the situation and his role become very crucial, they efforts to dysfunctional personal conflicts and reduce conflicts to lead his team towards attainment of team goal.
Another compelling aspect of team leader is that he contributes to make a good coordination among team members. Team members come together to share their expertise and knowledge of the process under consideration, the team leader's role is to function primarily as a coordinator, not a decision maker.Team leader draw information from all team members throughout the improvement process, manage scheduling and record keeping within the team, and maintain communications and a working relationship with the sponsor.
This proves that a need of a team leader is most important and has benefits as well. A team can be successful only when there is a team leader who works for all team members and who define the objectives among team members and have negotiation skills.Team leader can better handle the environment for team members to work better.He give clear understanding about goal to their team member which becomes easier for a team to work effectively.When it is clear what is expected from them,work gets done efficiently.
Team leader work design to improve work performance, they select those who have technical and interpersonal skills and who can work as a team player and this helps in achieving the task as a team.