“Britain” gain by relying on tax revenue
Land appraise revenue in UK allows us with a summary of the British experience in land revenue, and of the believing that has conducted attitudes and actions on this stage. It proffers of value assistance in making significant tax policy alternatives by affording us info almost local anaesthetic government finance and land usage. In practice, the conclusions about such issues incarnate avariety of components, but often task expressions are central.
Local authorities funding influences the measure and quality of community service that are determinant to the agency we, and our kids, alive. Whether or not the condition crisis can be properly practiced to local funding may be contended, only there is no doubt that a lot British people and American citizens live in communities with afflicting fiscal troubles. How, then, are desirable and necessity services to be paid for? This intensity affords us brainstorms, attracting on the British example. The alternatives arrived at about taxes have nonrevenue burdens. When taxes increase, the nonrevenue views endorsement increased attention. Although British policies are in liquify, attribute (real estate) revenue continues an important component of local finance. It determines the physical community equally it acquires across the years; and, of course, the structures of the community will determine the keeping power to invite government.
The British government under Margaret Thatcher, after considerable controversy, made sweeping changes to the traditional system of local government financing. The new policies aroused such opposition that they were largely abolished before being fully implemented. It was a missed opportunity that the discussions surrounding the policies did not focus on land value, on the unique characteristics of land-based tax, or on the possible role of property taxes in community planning. The present volume will help focus these issues in future debate.
Taxes related to real property continue to play a role in financing local government. Business properties are treated differently than residential properties. The system functions, but could be improved. Taxes and systems of government finance can be changed, for better or worse, by the men and women who have created today’s institutions. But change in government does not come in the way that “the market” brings change. Taxes will not continually improve themselves through the competition of the marketplace. Taxes are legislated, and past legislation has produced the laws that we have today. How then can the system be improved? What proposed changes would have desirable effects ?Foreword One proposal for improving property taxation goes by the designation “land value taxation” (LVT). The concept is defined with some flexibility. LVT recalls Henry George’s proposals (without any presumption of being a “single” tax) to capture unearned increments of land prices to help pay for government, which have a long history in both the U.K. and the U.S. And the concerns motivating these proposals are alive in both countries. But the case for LVT is broader than merely capturing such gains for the government, and it is developed well in this volume.
American readers should recall that in Britain a single body, Parliament, makes rules that cover the whole country (with the exception of certain prescribed powers devolved to the Scottish and Welsh legislatures, but currently in suspension in Northern Ireland). Land taxation has been something of a national concern, and for generations there have been debate and effort to inspire action that would apply across the country. (In the U.S., local independence, subject to state government, stands out.) The British Parliament has made three ambitious efforts since World War II to guide land use. This book recounts the results, which fall far short of the hopes. But the story will continue, and there must be action. Town and country planning requires decisions. The positive results might include paying some of the costs with benefits to land. And LVT can be utilized as a means of paying for local government. Owen Connell an and the contributing authors here summarize the history of LVT. Yet, Land Value Taxation in Britain is more than bare history; it can help in making history.