1. Arts Development Karawitan
Javanese Gamelan is a set of instruments as a musical statement that is often referred to as musicians. Derived from the Javanese gamelan sauce which means complicated, convoluted, but the sauce also means smooth, beautiful, and delicious twist. The word gamelan music of Java is specifically used to refer to gamelan music, Indonesian music applying non-diatonic tones (in the barrel slendro and pelog) who claim-garapannya use notation system, sound color, rhythm, has a function, pathet and rules in the form of serving working on instrumental, vokalia and beautiful mix heard.
Art of Javanese gamelan contain historical values and philosophy for the nation of Indonesia. It is said that because of Javanese gamelan is one of the arts and culture inherited by its predecessor and still a lot and enjoyed. Hypothetically, scholars J.L.A. Brandes (1889) argued that the Java community prior to any Hindu influence had known ten expertise, such as puppets and gamelan. Historically, Javanese gamelan also has a long history. As with any artistic or other cultural, Javanese gamelan in its development is also experiencing changes. Complete Gamelan have approximately 72 equipment and can be played by a musician (drummer) along with 10-15 singer and or Gerong. Structure mainly consists of the tools at or tetabuhan made of metal. Other tools in the form of drums, fiddle (string instrument), which is a kind of xylophone xylophon with blade-blade from the wood, and wire-stringed plucked instrument called siter or celepung.
2. Social function Javanese Gamelan
Philosophically, Javanese gamelan is an integral part of the life of Javanese people. This case was caused by the Javanese philosophy of life associated with cultural art form of Javanese gamelan and closely related to the development of a dianutnya religion.
In the Javanese gamelan has aesthetic functions related to social values, moral and spiritual. The gamelan has its own greatness, the proof that the world also recognizes the gamelan is a traditional musical instrument which can offset the eastern musical instrument of the great western.
3. Inheritance Javanese gamelan to the Younger Generation
At the present time there is a tendency different perception by younger generations through a variety of cultural attractions in other aspects seem somewhat prominent, but in terms of another is a setback, particularly those involving motions-dance and presentation gendhing gendhing issued.
Young people seem interested in gamelan because nothing is introduced. In addition, no one teaches. It can not be blamed for the majority of parents, even school environment, does not support the children know the gamelan. Gamelan is not just a traditional musical instrument or object, but there is spirit in it, that togetherness. The important thing here is human, that is how they feel close to the gamelan.
Even the communication should be maintained as well as possible with the elders as a source or a warehouse that still keeps a variety of science related to the problem of culture itself, particularly the master-master musicians, dance etc..
SOLO AND MYSTERY GAMELAN sekaten JOGJAKARTA
Sekaten tradition of rolling history since the time of Majapahit until now, leaving a big mystery surrounding the Gamelan Sekaten trusted fortunate. Because the Kraton of Solo and Yogyakarta which still survive, each having a pair of Gamelan Sekaten. Which is the original from the time of Majapahit and Demak Bintoro?
At the end of the heyday Pajang, tlatah Mataram Sultanate was founded by Ki Ageng archery in 1586 AD. Situated on the outskirts Opak called the base (forests) Mentaok. This is the gift of the Sultan Tlatah Hadiwijaya the success of Arya Penangsang archery kill. In subsequent years, prestige Pajang began to recede. Conversely, the Mataram Sultanate mencorong slowly to prominence across the nation.
Panembahan Senopati that diligent tlatah expanded to the East Java, has caused the situation in Central Java heat recovery. Some minor intrigue and warfare between Mataram and Pajang much written in the chronicle and the chronicle, chronicle of Mataram. An effort Pajang onslaught against Mataram, mentioned aground in the middle of the trip due to the eruption of Mount Merapi. Sultan Hadiwijaya died due to illness, due to fall of Elephant riding in the incident.
Various historical events of the heir to the kingdoms of the archipelago universe, of course have an impact on the many traditions that exist. Sekaten as tradition heritage, over time also changes. Amid these developments, tucked a lot of mystery. One of them Sekaten Gamelan, which comes from the legacy Brawjaya V and Sunan Kalijaga.
Property including Gamelan Sekaten was then divided by two. However, it can not be ascertained which of the two kingdoms of Mataram Sultanate fraction that gets Gong Kiai UB V Sekar Pomegranate heritage and legacy Sekati Gong Kiai Sunan Kalijaga. Results sekaten historical research conducted in 1991-1992 MOEC just mention, because Gamelan Sekaten have a pair, each fraction kingdom of Mataram Sultanate (Solo and Yogyakarta) create a new Gong as a partner.
In the Sultanate of Yogyakarta, a pair of Gamelan Sekaten it by Sultan HB I changed its name to Guntur Madu and Kiai Kiai Nogowilogo.