Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome is a dreaded disease, which leads to the total loss of resistance to viral and bacterial infection that is naturally there in the human body. American scientist to have called HTLV-III (Human T-Cell Lymphotropic-assocated virus three) The French scientist have named it LAV (Lymphadenopathy Associated virus). The who names it as HIV (Human Immuno – Deficiency Virus).
The Virus selectively affects helper T-lymphocytes which play a vital roll in the immune responses of human body to fight infections.
According to the reposts of various scientific researches all over the world, the incurable virus incubation period may last a 15 years. This dreaded disease mainly spreads through homosexual and heterosexual contacts, infected syringes, Needles used by drug addicts and clinical transfusion of infected blood.
Presence of virus in the body is detected by a blood test known as ELISA test (Enzyme Linked Immune Solvent Assay).Positive result of ELISA test can be confirmed by other Tests to (Western blat test, immunofluoresence test).
This disease is incurable. But a number of drugs have been considered. Dideoxy nucleousides, Azidothgmidini (AZT) and Ribavarin.
The first AIDS patient appeared in 1979.There is a big controversy as regards the origin of AIDS. But Media claims that AIDS could have its origin in Africa. Some research reports says that the disease has come from the African “Green
Monkey. But the mainstream of scientific opinion maintains that the AIDS virus “must be an artificial product, the result of a gene manipulation”. And some believes that AIDS virus was produced artificially in a laboratory. This virus was tested on prisoners. But as the incubation period of the virus is slow and stretched over a minimum of two years, the researchers released the prisoners when no effect of incubation was found in their bodies. There people later spread the disease.
According to world Health Organization experts, AIDS has spread to virtually every Country in the world and at least 8 million people are thought to be infected by the fatal disease.
In western Europe, AIDS was discovered in 1981, in south Africa and Trinidad in 1983, in Japan in 1984 and so on.
The sharp rise in India’s AIDS cases from a mere 2.4 percent in 1985 – 86 to a staggering 15.9 percent in 1990 has occurred not without a timely warning from WHO. The WHO had singled out India and Thailand as the two most AIDS-Prone countries in South - East Asian region. The authorities have now shifted their emphasis from surveillance to educating the public on preventive measures and creating awareness about the disease.
Only proper education can aware the people to the negative impact of this worldwide disease.