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Shvoong Home>Science>Agronomy - Agriculture>Cotton: Multifold Benefits Summary

Cotton: Multifold Benefits

Article Summary   by:KhilendraBasnyat     Original Author: Khilendra Basnyat
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Cotton: Multifold Benefits

Khilendra Basnyat

Cotton is the most important of the textile materials of vegetable origin. It must be picked in dry weather. Much labor is needed to grow a good cotton crop. After planting, the farmer must cultivate and/ or chop (hop) the growing for thinning and weeding. Until the 1930s the picking of plant required much labor, but now a days cotton picking machines have been in vogue. The raw cotton consists of fibers varying in length from 1 to 5 centimeter.

The higher quality of cotton, obtained from Egypt, part of the West Indies and the United States is long stapled. They are spun to form a fine thread.

The manufacture of cotton cloth originated in Asia. It spread to Europe in the latter middle age but did not become at all widespread until the eighteenth century. Cotton cloth has varied uses .Quite distinct from its use in clothing is the manufacture of big container, sailcloth, textile cloth, belting for industrial user, dusters and lamp wick. It is also used in the manufacture of a variety of plastics and coated fabrics.

Cotton goods are in demand among all people except the most primitive. Their manufacture is one of the first to be established turning for the first time to factory industries.

The rise of Japan as a cotton manufacturer during the nineteenth century has been fallowed by that of India, China and many Asian and South American countries. This has introduced an element of instability into the international trade in cotton goods.

Today, many old centers of the cotton industries have not only declined relatively but also relatively in importance. Among others, the Lancashire industrial region has suffered severely.

Cotton seed is a by- product of cotton growing. The seed is extracted from cotton fiber by ginning, the short fibers are removed and the seeds extracted from its hull or shell and pressed. Pressure alone fails to extract all the oil, and alternative chemical methods have not hitherto been more successful.

The extracted oil is bleached deodorized and used for cooking. The hulls and oil cakes which are left over are used as fodder.

The waste of cotton is recovered and re-spun into these lower counts, which are used only in the rougher fabrics. The yarn is woven into cloth and dyed or printed.

Published: May 01, 2012   
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