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Cotton: Multifold Benefits
the most important of the textile materials of vegetable origin. It must be
picked in dry weather. Much labor is needed to grow a good cotton crop. After planting,
the farmer must cultivate and/ or chop (hop) the growing for thinning and
weeding. Until the 1930s the picking of plant required much labor, but now a
days cotton picking machines have been in vogue. The raw cotton consists of
fibers varying in length from 1 to 5 centimeter.
The higher quality of cotton, obtained
from Egypt, part of the West Indies and the United States is long stapled. They
are spun to form a fine thread.
The manufacture of cotton cloth
originated in Asia. It spread to Europe in the latter middle age but did not
become at all widespread until the eighteenth century. Cotton cloth has varied
uses .Quite distinct from its use in clothing is the manufacture of big
container, sailcloth, textile cloth, belting for industrial user, dusters and
lamp wick. It is also used in the manufacture of a variety of plastics and
Cotton goods are in demand among all
people except the most primitive. Their manufacture is one of the first to be
established turning for the first time to factory industries.
The rise of Japan as a cotton
manufacturer during the nineteenth century has been fallowed by that of India,
China and many Asian and South American countries. This has introduced an
element of instability into the international trade in cotton goods.
Today, many old centers of the cotton
industries have not only declined relatively but also relatively in importance.
Among others, the Lancashire industrial region has suffered severely.
Cotton seed is a by- product of cotton
growing. The seed is extracted from cotton fiber by ginning, the short fibers
are removed and the seeds extracted from its hull or shell and pressed.
Pressure alone fails to extract all the oil, and alternative chemical methods
have not hitherto been more successful.
The extracted oil is bleached deodorized and used for
cooking. The hulls and oil cakes which are left over are used as fodder.
The waste of
cotton is recovered and re-spun into these lower counts, which are used only in
the rougher fabrics. The yarn is woven into cloth and dyed or printed.