Red algae is considered the most powerful counteracting free radicals. Multivitamin supplements and chemicals that are consumed over long periods prooksidan feared causing congestion or free radicals that can trigger cancer and diabetes mellitus. Asta xanthine, the active substance contained in red algae, has anti-oxidant content of more than 6,000 times and 1,000 times the vitamin C, vitamin E. Therefore, apart from having the ability naturally ward off free radicals, the red algae also serves as an anti-aging or prevent aging.
Red algae can also be used to facilitate blood circulation, repairing damaged cells, and produce insulin in the blood. To produce a substance contained in Hematococcus pluviallis Astaxanthine, red algae have a long process. Initially, the red algae are not colored red, but green.
Red algae green colored initially inserted into a tube to get enough sunlight. Because getting enough sunlight, plants such berklorofil merah.Pengembangbiakan change color to red algae is still done in Hawaii, although originally from Japan. In Indonesia, the red algae has not been mass-produced because no one mengembangbiakkannya. If any, must be very expensive because it must be imported from abroad.
Red Algae Reproduction
Reproduction in red algae can be sexually and asexually. That sexual reproduction is common in red algae with cell division, spores, or fragmentation. In many-celled algae (multicellular) as Eucheuma sp. poptongan thalusnya have evolved the ability to continue growth. Eucheuma sp. belong to the Floridiophycidae where sexual reproduction occurs perfectly. Trifasik life cycle, including tetrasporofit, gametophyte, karposporofit.
The life cycle begins trifasik type diploid plants (tetrasporofit) doing with the produce meiotic haploid tetraspora. After tetraspora off and germinate, develop into a male gametophyte (haploid) and female (haploid). In Eucheuma sp. tetrasporofit there are identical (isomorphic replacement descent). Male gametophyte grown produce spermatium while the female gametophyte produces karpogonium (egg). Fertilization occurs after trikogin spermatium into groups and produce a diploid cell called karposporofit. This event is the first diploid phase. Furthermore karposporofit karpospora produce that will grow in new tetrasporofit.