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Shvoong Home>Science>Biology>Biologia (kształcenia w zakresie...) Summary

Biologia (kształcenia w zakresie...)

Book Summary   by:gazelka2     Original Author: gazelka2 -tłumaczenia
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. BIOLOGIA - is then science about alive organisms, their origin, osobniczym development and ancestral. KOMÓRKA - basic structural individual and functional organism. ORGANIZM - then alive creature, which individual component parts create with harmonized the whole. ROLA BŁONY KOMÓRKOWEJ * the protection for alive part of cell * interior separates from external environment * part takes in metabolism and transportation -- passive transportation and)diffusion straight line b) helped diffusion -- active transportation SIATECZKA WEWNĄTRZ PLAZMATYCZNA this membraneous system of channels, blisters and the tankers taking in transportation, in synthesis of relationships the part organic, in transformations of sugars and in isolation opposed processes. We favour siateczkę smooth and rough. LIZOSOMY - this small spherical blisters, which participating in digestion enzymes contain and break-up of waste products. RYBOSOMY - then organelle built from bia?ek </ tags / bia % C5 % 82ek /> and in 60% from RNA, they participate in synthesis of proteins. The APARAT the GOLGIEGO - the heap of tankers built from membranes białkowo - lipidowy. Task of apparatus The Golgiego is the modifying the structure of proteins produced through cell and sending these proteins in designed for them places. ŚCIANA KOMÓRKOWA - is this external cellular coat, built from mikrofibrylli cellulose it protects before loss of water, before external environment, scaffolding creates for plants and bringing into contact makes possible thanks to pits si? </ tags / si % C4 % 99 /> cells. Wall mog? </ tags / mog % C4 % 85 /> to be: lignified, zwoskowaciałe, zmineralizowane, zkutynizowane (kutyna protects before zimnem). CYTOPLAZMA - is this semi-liquid filling mass interior of cell.
Contained all in cytoplasm are organella cellular. They run in her different metabolic processes. JĄDRO KOMÓRKOWE - is this the most important from organelle stepping out in cells </ tags / kom % C3 % B3rkach /> organisms nuclear (Eukarioty), playing part in delivery hereditary features. MITOCHONDRIUM - this producing organellum the energy on need of cells, therefore it be defined as KOMÓRKOWE </ tags / kom % C3 % B3rkowe /> energetistic centre. Mitochondrions they can divide and their quantity in this way enlarges only in cell; cell dividing mitotycznie it passes on the suitable number of mitochondrions every descendant cell. They mitochondrions have one''s own genetic material, which my figure of spherical particle of DNA. PLASTYDY - then organella cellular stepping out exclusively in vegetable cells. They Plastydy divide on green chloroplast, yellow or orange chromoplasty and colourless leucoplast. They develop with one kind of structures exit, and not when they can transform from one in different. WAKUOLA - then full with liquid blister and fenced off from cytoplasm individual membrane białkowo - lipidowy. Characteristic large stepping out in cells vacuoles vegetable, in which full moon function: and) spare substances be stored Often or superfluous the products of alternatively of matter the e the vegetable cells.
Published: January 08, 2008   
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