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Shvoong Home>Science>Biology>Calories Do Not Explain Extension of Life Span by Dietary Restriction in Drosophila Summary

Calories Do Not Explain Extension of Life Span by Dietary Restriction in Drosophila

Book Summary   by:PLoS     Original Authors: Mair William; Piper Matthew D. W; Partridge Linda
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Dietary restriction (DR) extends life span in diverse organisms, including mammals, and common mechanisms may be at work. DR is often known as calorie restriction, because it has been suggested that reduction of calories, rather than of particular nutrients in the diet, mediates extension of life span in rodents. We here demonstrate that extension of life span by DR in Drosophila is not attributable to the reduction in calorie intake. Reduction of either dietary yeast or sugar can reduce mortality and extend life span, but by an amount that is unrelated to the calorie content of the food, and with yeast having a much greater effect per calorie than does sugar. Calorie intake is therefore not the key factor in the reduction of mortality rate by DR in this species.
Published: December 03, 2010   
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