Shakehand smoke is responsible for more than 85 % lung cancer and is associated with cancer of the mouth, pharynx, larynx, aesofagus, stomach, pancreas, mouth, urinary tract, kidney, ureter, bladder and bowel. Shakehand smoke also ca make people leukimia, stroke, decreased endurance, eventually sudden death. Actually cigarettes contain more than 4000 elements and least 200 of them are danger and toxic for our body. Toxics elements in cigarettes are:
1. Carbon monoxide
This gas is a gas that has no odor.
CO gas produced a cigarette can reach 3 - 6%, this gas can in suction by anyone. A person who smokes will only suck 1 / 3 of course, the current middle or mid-stream, while the current edge (side - stream) will still be outside. After that, smokers will not take all the smoke but he was again out. CO gas has the ability to bind hemoglobin (Hb) contained in red blood cells (erythrocytes) more strongly than oxygen, so that every cigarette smoke in addition to the air oxygen level has been reduced, plus more red blood cells will be increasingly deprived of oxygen, because the transported is not the CO and O2 (oxygen). The cells will suffer from lack of oxygen to increase the compensation through the blood vessels to shrink or spasm of the road. When the spasm of the long and continuous blood vessels will then be easily damaged by the process of atherosclerosis (narrowing). Narrowing of blood vessels going to happen everywhere. In the brain, the heart, the lungs, the kidneys, the feet, the canal, in the placenta in pregnant women.
Nicotine contained in cigarette smoke between 0.5 - 3 ng, and everything is absorbed, so that in the blood fluid or plasma between 40 to 50 ng / ml. Nicotine is not carcinogenic components. such as heroin and cocaine, nicotine also has characteristics of addictive and psychoactive effects. Smokers will feel pleasure, decreased anxiety, tolerance and physical attachment. That's what causes why so hard to quit smoking.
Effect of nicotine causes stimulation of hormones that stimulate the heart and character of blood pressure. The heart is not given a chance to rest and blood pressure will be more elevated, resulting in the emergence of hypertension.
Tar is a kind of thick liquid dark brown or black which is a hydrocarbon substance which is sticky and stuck to the lungs. Tar levels in cigarettes between 0,5-35 mg per stem. Tar is a carcinogenic substance that can cause cancer in the airway and lungs.
Cadmium is a toxic substance that the body's tissues, especially kidneys.
Akrolein a liquid that is not colored like aldehydes. This substance contains a lot of alcohol levels. That is, this is akrolein liquid alcohol was taken. This liquid is very disturbing health.
Ammonia is a colorless gas composed of nitrogen and hydrogen. This substance is a sharp smell and very stimulating. So loudly that there was poison in the ammonia so that if anything went into the blood circulation will result in a collapse or coma.
7. Acid Format
Formic acid is a kind of colorless liquid that moves freely and can create blisters. This liquid is very sharp and penetrating odor. This substance can cause a person to feel like an ant bite.
8. Hydrogen Cyanide / HCN
Hydrogen cyanide is a gas that is colorless, odorless and has no taste. This substance is the lightest substance, flammable and highly efficient to prevent respiratory and respiratory tract damage. Cyanide is one of the toxic substance is very dangerous. Just a little cyanide directly inserted into the body can cause death.
9. Nitrous Oxid
Nitrous oxide is a gas that is colorless, and when inhaled can cause loss of consideration and cause pain. Nitrous oxide is a kind of substance that can be used initially as a tranquilizer time to do surgery by the doctor.
Formaldehyde is a kind of colorless gas with a sharp odor. Gas is considered as preservatives and pesticides. This gas is also highly toxic against all living organisms.
Phenol is a mixture of crystals produced from the distillation of some organic substances such as wood and charcoal, and tar obtained from coal. This substance is toxic and dangerous because phenol is bound to protein and blocking the enzyme activity.
Asetol warming is the result of aldehydes (a colorless substance that is free to move) and the alcohol evaporates easily.
13. Hydrogen sulfide
Hydrogen sulfide is a kind of poisonous gas that burns easily with a strong odor. This substance prevents oxidation of the enzyme (iron-containing pigment).
Piridin is a kind of colorless liquid with a sharp odor. This substance can be used to change the nature of alcohol as a solvent and pest killers.
15. Methyl Chloride
Methyl chloride is a mixture of substances valency one between hydrogen and carbon are the main elements. This substance is toxic organic compounds.
Methanol is a type of mild liquid volatile and flammable. Drinking or sucking methanol resulted in blindness and even death.