1) Garbage dumping
We throw garbage here and there without caring that people might step on it. It attracts flies and mosquitoes which carry harmful herms with them. When flies and mosquitoes which carry harmful germs with them. When flies and mosquitoes sit on our foods, they spread diseases among those who eat such food.
When we defecate in the open, we again spoil the cleanliness of our surroundings. We throw the animal and human excreta in the open.
Urination in the open again makes the surroundings dirty and foul smelling.
Spitting here and there also spoils the surroundings.
Effects of unclean surrounding
A) When we live in unclean surroundings, our health suffers.
B) When we eat food infected by germs carrying flies and mosquitoes, we are likely to suffer from certain dreadful diseases. Two such dreadful diseases are diarrhea and cholera.
C) Spitting here and there also spoils the surroundings.
D) They become weak and fall prey to many other infection and diseases. As a result of this, death many also occur.
Ways of making our surroundings clean
a) Defecate in a sanitary latrine. After using the latrine throw enough water into it. People can get together and build a common latrine. We can also make water-sealed pit latrines away from the source of drinking water. We can also make other latrines such as `Suvidha’ the new type of latines of French latrines and dry pit latrines. Latrines should be kept neat and clean.
b) If there are no latrines, them the place for defecations in the open must be selected for away from human habitation. It should be away from the course of drinking water. The stools should be covered with sand or soil to prevent the spread of germs.
c) After defecation, hands, fingers, nails, feet and legs should be washed with soap or ash.
d) The dumping of garbage should not be done in the open near your house. They should be dumped in the pits. These pits should be regularly emptied. The pits should have a narrow opening through which the garbage can is thrown into it. It should be covered with soil. After a few months, the garbage decomposes and it can be used as manure.
e) Keep the drinking water, food items covered, the whole locality clean and tidy.
f) We must take care of personal hygiene and clean all parts of our body regularly.
g) The houses should be constructed in such a way that there should be enough air and sunlight.