Climate change do affect our mind and body.
Dr. Nitish Priyadarshi
Recent increase in suicidal incident in Ranchi city the
capital of Jharkhand State of India, reminds me of an old research which says
that it is not only the social issue which instigates people to commit suicide
but also the climate change affects our mind and body. According to the
research the changes in weather sharply affects our mind it may be peak winter
season, summer season or rainy season. This theory is commonly known as SAD.
SAD stands for Seasonal Affective
city is famous for its sudden change in weather.
SAD is a syndrome characterized by depression during winter
months when there is less daylight. Seasonal Affective Disorder is
directly related or even caused by too little sunlight, which causes the body's
time clock to go out of sync, thus upsetting the body's routine, and may even
affect certain hormonal levels in the body. The symptoms of
SAD are depression, sadness, lethargy, fatigue, excessive sleeping, difficulty
getting up in the morning, loss of appetite or increased eating of
carbohydrates, thus increase in weight, decreased activity and socialization,
apathy, irritability. The disorder may begin during the teen years or in early
adulthood. Like other forms of depression, it occurs more often in women than
There are studies that
link weather with long periods of high temperatures to increase in crime. It is
believed that people get irritable and hostile when it is extremely hot.
Several law enforcement agencies have statistics that shows the correlation of
the two. Think about how you felt if ever you had experienced a heat wave: hot,
irritable, frustrated, may be even angry.
The weather can affect your mood more than you realise.
"The human body, its metabolism and hormones react to the changing season
resulting in changes in mood and behaviour. Just as you find yourself getting
irritable and aggressive during summer, you may find yourself feeling low and
lethargic in monsoon and winter.
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD), also known
as winter depression, winter blues, summer depression, summer
blues, or seasonal depression, is a mood disorder in which
people who have normal mental health throughout most of the year
experience depressive symptoms in the winter or summer, spring or
autumn year after year.
The U.S. National Library of Medicine notes that "some people
experience a serious mood change when the seasons change. They may sleep too
much, have little energy, and may also feel depressed. People who experience spring and summer
depression show symptoms of classic depression including insomnia, anxiety,
irritability, decreased appetite, weight loss, social withdrawal, an increased
sex drive, and suicide. Additionally, many patients are unable to
cope with the increased temperatures during spring and summer.
SAD was first systematically reported and named in the early
1980s by Norman E. Rosenthal, M.D., and his associates at the National
Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). Rosenthal was initially motivated by his
desire to discover the cause of his own experience of depression during the
dark days of the northern US
winter. He theorized that the lesser amount of light in winter was the cause.
Some natural disaster like earthquake, floods and drought
also affects our mind. People become depressed for several months after the
disaster forcing few of them to commit suicide like farmers of India who were forced to commit suicide due to
continued drought in Maharashtra, Andhra
Pradesh states etc.
Not only weather change but also the pollution in atmosphere
especially heavy metal pollution like Lead etc. affects our body and mind. Lead
increases blood pressure which gradually affects our mind and increase
After becoming the capital Ranchi city is facing acute changes in
atmosphere. Earlier it was the summer capital of united Bihar Jharkhand
State famous for its
pleasant climate but now the atmosphere is gradually becoming worse day by day.
People of Ranchi
are definitely going to be affected with such syndrome.