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Conservation: A Not So Easy Task
Animals play a
significant role in the ecosystem. In fact, plants and animals, including human
beings, are interrelated. Apart from contributing to the maintenance of
producing habitats and ecosystems, many species of wildlife yield hides and
skins and are also economically significant contributors.
wild animals have become one of the sources of entertainment for many people
interested in seeing, watching and taking photographs of them. Despite many
advantages from wild animals, the population of wildlife is dwindling in many
population is increasing every year at an alarming rate, it has become a
herculean task to preserve wildlife. Moreover, trade in wild animals for
various purposes has constituted a menace too many species. The increasing
demand for monkeys from medical and pharmaceutical research centers has
constituted a threat to the supply of these animals. The marketing of fashion
furs such as spotted cats, leopard, cheetah and many others has led to serious
decrease in the number of these animals.
Since the last
two hundred years, over one hundred species of birds and animals have
disappeared from the earth, and over three hundred bird species and three
hundred mammal species are threatened with extinction.
The white form
of tigers has virtually vanished from the wild. These animals are beautiful to
look at and many zoos want to exhibit them, despite the fact that they are
known to be genetically caused abnormalities. Today, only a few white tigers
survive in zoological parks and wildlife preserves.
tortoise is disappearing at an alarming rate. In fact, it is facing extinction
not only in Pakistan, but throughout the existing range. It is because of the
import and export of the species in adequate numbers. Despite its immediate
economic value, now the animal is not exported from Pakistan.
The forests of
Bihar in India were once reputed for their white tigers, one of the rare tiger
species in the world. During the 1930s, it was estimated that there were about
forty white tigers in Bihar's forest. But now these tigers are rarely found in
these forests because of poaching and wanton deforestation.
differences and altitudinal variations along with south-west monsoon have
penetrating effect on the fauna and flora of Nepal. For this reason, different
species of wildlife are found in different parts of our country. However, their
numbers dwindled in recent decades.
In Nepal, the
effective wildlife conservation movement began in 1971 when it was approved in
principle to establish Royal Chitwan National park in the plain and Langtang
National Park in the Himalayas. Now the number of national parks and wildlife
reserves in the country is impressive.
establishment of national parks in different parts of the country and the ban
imposed on killing some species of birds and animals have helped to preserve
wildlife. Moreover, the provision of taking severe action against those who
kill endangered species of wildlife and translocation of some animals have also
created a positive trend towards securing the continued existence of wildlife
in the country.
program has not been found successful for all species of wildlife, the American
bison and the European bison have been successfully bred in captivity to
restock empty natural habitat.
survival of living creatures is not possible without abodes, the preservation
and development of forest resources is of utmost importance for the
conservation of wildlife. If there are more forests, wildlife will not only be
preserved, but there will also be some positive impact on the economy of the
times, much stress is being given to the establishment of more national parks
and reserves for wildlife conservation; but for wildlife conservation to be
really successful, the healthy feeling must be developed in the masses that
wildlife is inseparable from human beings and that they also have the right to
live in this world.