It is extremely important to look after the sense organs as they perform vital functions. Here are some ways in which you can keep them in good condition.
a) Avoid looking into bright light, including the sun, as this hurts the eyes.
b) Do not read and write under dim light, or while moving. Sit up straight while reading and hold the book about 25-30 cm from your eyes.
c) Sit at a suitable distance while watching television. Watching television or working on a computer for too long strains the eyes.
d) If something gets into your eye, blink rapidly so that it can get flushed out by tears. If this does not help, wash your eye with water. Do not rub your eyes because doing so can scratch the cornea and cause a serious eye infection.
e) If you have difficulty seeing the writing on the black board or cannot see properly when reading a book, you probably need to wear glasses. Tell your parents immediately so that they can take you to an eye specialist.
f) Wash your eyes with water when you wake up. Avoid putting your finger into your eyes as this can cause infection.
g) Eating leafy vegetables, carrots, papayas, cabbage and mangoes is good for your eyes as these are rich in vitamin A.
a) Avoid exposing yourself to loud noise as it can lead to loss of hearing.
b) Clean your ears gently with soft cloth and wipe off the water after bathing. Do not poke deep inside your ears and do not use sharp or pointed objects, like pins or matchsticks. If you find that you cannot hear properly, see an ENT specialist. It could be because of the accumulation of wax in your ear.
c) Do not put water or oil into your ear.
d) See a doctor if you have an earache or if there is any liquid oozing from your ears.
The skin, nose and tongue
a) Clean your skin by bathing with soap every day. This is necessary to wash off bacteria and other microorganisms. That may cause infections. Bathing also washes off accumulated dirt and the salt deposited by sweat, thus keeping the pores of the skin open.
b) If there are any patches, sores, persistent itching or any other kind of irritation on your skin, sees a doctor.
c) Do not insert any pointed object into your nose. Use a handkerchief when you have a cold to prevent the infection from spreading to others. Always clean your nose gently and do not pick your nose, as this spreads germs.
d) Clean your tongue with a tongue cleaner, but do not scrape it hard.