The increased interest is due to a disabled child to understand the need and the importance of education and social care in the stimulation of development, joins a growing concern for the public about current and future fate of the young generation. In view of the significant achievements in life sciences, medical, psychological and pedagogical can become an early, comprehensive diagnosis of the different cases of disorders and impairments of the child, and thanks to the early intervention in the abnormal development, care and education.
The changing socio-economic conditions of human life and human experience gained as a result of the achievements and progress of civilization and culture, make people with disabilities and their problems in life can not be regarded as marginal. The human pursuit of excellence of life, so you can function better, faster, more accurately, smarter and prettier, have always been a driving force of the creators of technology, science, culture, and organizers of social life. It is therefore high time to use them all for all the politics and social practice.
Social policy is a discipline that examines the social activities of state and non-state organizations at an angle equal opportunities and differences in the location of groups and categories of vulnerable people, not only economically, but also in terms of their general social determinants of quality of life and development.
Analyzing factors and symptoms of difficult situations in which an entity may find itself, J. Modrzewski distinguished the following typical categories: those
- Difficult situation of people with various disabilities,
-Difficult situation of persons deprived of care,
Situation of endangered-addicts,
-Poverty situation of persons deprived of resources to meet the needs of human existence
-Difficult situation of not adhering to norms of social coexistence,
-Conflict situations people violating the legal norms
-Situation of radical emancipation is
-Deprywacyjna situation of persons with composing many of the causes and consequences.
The above-mentioned categories of difficult situations may constitute sufficient grounds for constructing optimization models, relief and prevention are often used in social pedagogy, care and resocialization.
At the core of the scientific analysis of the nature of pedagogy is a lot of ingredients, among which are mentioned most aspects: ontological, epistemological, anthropological, cultural, biological, psychological, sociological, axiological, legal, economic, political. Pedagogy as a science is a form of reading, presentation and design of social consciousness, in which she appears as a borderline discipline of many of the human sciences, science and educational opportunities, critical analysis and applied the knowledge acquired in the process of upbringing and development. The convergence of general and special education is far-reaching and in some cases justified special education goes and uses a highly specialized knowledge in medicine, genetics, physiology, embryology, demography, statistics, social pathology, ecology and technology to effectively solve their own problems of psychosomatic psychotherapeutic , childcare and social. Science teaches that interact with specific, in particular, for example, medicine, psychology, sociology, economics, politics and law, more and more clearly indicate their current contribution to knowledge in applications to the theory or practice of revalidation, therapeutic, and resocialization. Referring to interdyscypliności a symptom rather than move away from scientism as replacement doktrynalności systematic education and orientation of the plurality of alternative concepts in the theory and practice associated with modern paradigms not only of modern pedagogy, but also more broadly-social and natural sciences. For example, problems neonantalnej care, hospice care, palliative, terminal SA common for medical