Of the three major classes of existing waste, namely, the urban, industrial and hospital, the latter deserves some special considerations, because it has to be seen especially.
Never be too much even for those who already know very well about some transfers of information and, for those who do not realize the importance in the treatment of hospital waste, some learning will also be useful.
Within a hospital, not all hospital medical waste is proper, considering that the litter from administrative sectors behaves as if the class of urban waste.
But what is meant as medical waste is that portion that may be contaminated with viruses or pathogenic bacteria in the surgical ward and curative dental clinics, laboratories for analysis, and even the Outpatient clinics and laboratories not located in hospitals, well as animal housing and veterinary.
The composition of such waste is as varied as possible, and may consist of food scraps from the sick, cleaning debris from operating rooms and bandages, gauze, bandages, etc. anatomical parts.
It is important to be sensitive to the handling of garbage, because the people who may be subject to manipulate and lead to other diseases, various types of contamination.
The contaminated medical waste must be packed in a special way, according to Standard EB 588/1977 (milky-white plastic bags, thick and sturdy).
The deposit of such bags should be sealed in containers as well and they put out of reach of people, until the arrival of the car to collect himself. Never such wastes must await the collection in public places on the sidewalk, for example.
The best way to destroy the medical waste is incineration, provided that the incinerators have adequate technology and are in locations that do not cause nuisance to the population. The worst way, and should be avoided, is to take the medical waste to municipal waste plants, landfills and dumps, which is customary.
The costs for treatment of medical waste are high and would in all interesting, the formation of consortia of generators for the adoption of a common solution in the destination.
As you can see, the tract of the Environment has very specific nuances to each type of aggression.