Historian, Dr Anhar howl believes initiator General Offensive March 1, 1949 in Yogyakarta to get rid of the Dutch troops, not the former President Suharto (when it held the rank of Lieutenant Colonel). But a higher-rangking commanders, such as the great General Soedirman and Defence Minister Sultan hamengku Buwono. In the discussion "General Offensive March 1, 1949" in Jakarta on Tuesday, a historian from the Faculty of Letters University of Indonesia said that based on the hierarchy of command in the military, assault initiative does not come from a brigade commander Lieutenant Colonel Suharto, who has served as the Brigade Commander III, but it should come from more official high.
Higher military officials, he said, such as the Great Commander General Sudirman, Defense Minister Sultan Hamengkubwono IX, Division III chief Col. Bambang Sugeng, Deputy Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces Col. TB Simatupang, and Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces Col. Abdul Haris Nasution.
In addition, the writings of TB Simatupang (At that time as Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of RI-ed) in his report and Banaran (1960), contains a copy of Secret Instruction Division Commander III / GM III Col. Bambang Sugeng who ordered the entire army to conduct major attacks scale in Yogyakarta from 25 February to 1 March 1949.
According to Anhar, to be sure about who the perpetrators of attacks initiative of General March 1, 1949 in addition to Col. Bambang Sugeng, also needs further study. While based on the number of documents and systems that the initiative to attack the military hierarchy is not from Lieutenant Colonel Suharto.
Therefore, according to Anhar, there needs to be historical about the initiative of General Offensive March 1, 1949 that in the history books taught in schools came from Lieutenant Colonel Suharto.
When asked about the reluctance of General AH Nasution and Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX reveal about the initiative of General March 1, 1949 attack did not come from Pak Harto, Anhar said the culture of "reluctant" to make the two figures reveals that fear and position as President of Indonesia Soeharto also be a factor that make other people shy disclose the truth of history.
Nevertheless, Anhar admit, Lieutenant Colonel Soeharto remains as executor General Offensive March 1, 1949 so that Indonesia won the diplomacy at the UN that the existence of the state of Indonesia is still there which marked the TNI army managed to repel the Dutch occupation of the capital city of Indonesia, Yogyakarta, at the time.
Meanwhile, the observer of history who is also a child Batara Hutagalung national hero Lieutenant-Colonel Dr W Hatagalung said based on documents written by Lt. Col. Dr W Hutagalung who in 1949 served a territorial officer in Yogyakarta and several other documents, the General March 1, 1949 attack involving multiple parties, such as Army , Air Force, and the Ministry of Defence.
Selaian it, attack March 1, 1949 Military Division III held in Yogyakarta on orders from the Great Commander General Sudirman to prove the international community that the TNI is still there and was strong enough to prove the existence of RI, said Batara Reform Alliance who is also chairman of Indonesia (ARI) was .
While political observers from the University of Andalas (Unand) Padang, Prof. Dr. MS Muchlis Muchtar believes that General Offensive March 1, 1949 has been one important milestone for the sustainability of Indonesian unity.
"But, does former President Soeharto as the originator of the attack, now began to widely questioned. So the task of sejarawanlah to further explore the issue, "said Muchlis in Padang yesterday