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Shvoong Home>Arts & Humanities>ALEXANDER THE GREAT Summary

ALEXANDER THE GREAT

Book Summary   by:Procne     Original Author: Carlos Danoz Fernández
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This abstract was translated from ALEJANDRO MAGNO
 
Alexander III the Great, usually called Magnus, was son of

Philip II and Olympia. He was born in the year 356 BC.

He is regarded as one of History's most famous

personalities for his courage and achievements as a

military leader. He was very fond of arts and
humanities,

and had Aristotle as his preceptor, who convinced him
of

his superiority above Persians. His horse Bucefalous
was

also well-renowned, considered to be a cross between a

dromedary and an elephant.

He defeated Thebans at Queronea battle and destroyed

Thebes. He disembarked in Asia Minor and defeated
Persian

at the Granico battle. He defeated Darius III, king of

Persian, at the Ipsos battle and took Capadocia,
Jerusalem

and Damask.

He also invaded Egypt, where he founded Alexandria. He
then

advanced towards Mesopotamia, where he accomplished the

Persian massacre at the Gaugamela battle, held in
October

331 BC. Darius ran away pursued by Parmenium and was

murdered by Bessus the satrap. Alexandre the Great
occupies

Suza and Persepolis, appointing himself king of
Persian. He

then crossed the Afghanistan borders and reached to
India.

The destruction of the Persian empire granted to Greece
the

supremacy over the Near East. Alexander attempted to

arrange marriages between his generals and Persian
women in

order to establish a friendful relation between Persia
and

Greece.

His death also represented the death of his policies.

He died in Babylon at 33 years of age, in the year 323
b.c.
Published: March 27, 2006   
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