Maharaja Man Singh
He ruled from 1590-1619 had a multi-faceted personality with varied interests. He started workshops and departments devoted to art, crafts, literature and the performing arts. Some of the Crafts Traditions for which Jaipur is famous for are like Minachari, paper mashing and carpet weaving, were introduced by him with craftsmen being brought in from Lahore, Sialkot, and Gujarat. He patronized many poets, authors, and scholars at his court and was fond of dance, music and drama. Raja Man Singh is known to have brought these three deities of "Sangamar ka Sanga Baba / Jaipur Ka Hanuman / Amber ki Shila Devi" as said in the above popular saying. The sect of Sangababa is in Sanganer, the image of Hanuman at the entrance of the gate of Chand pol bazar and the idol of Shila Devi is at Amber. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II
He had earned both the title of Maharaja in 1707 and Sawai in 1713. The Kachhawahas recognized the expediency of aligning themselves with the powerful mughal emperor. However Jai Singh incurred the displeasure of Aurangzeb successor of Bahadur Shah, who came in 1707.
Bahadur shah's accession which controlled by his younger brother, Azam Shah and Jai Singh unfortunately supported the younger brother's bid for power. Bahadur shah, was eventually given the Delhi throne, retaliated by invading Amber and ousting the Young Jai Singh and installing younger Vijay Singh into his place. He regained the capital with the help of Udaipur and Jodhpur (marrying one princes each form the states) in 1708, and eventually reconsolidate his rule. The wealth of the kingdom increased exponentially, and this together with the need to accommodate the ever burgeoning population and paucity of water at the old capital Amber, prompted the Maharaja in 1727 to commence work on a new City he named after himself -- Jaipur.
It was a collaborative endeavor, the synthesis of union of the Maharaja and the impressive expertise of his chief architect, Vidyasagar. Jai Singh's Strong grounding in the sciences is reflected in the precise symmetry of the new city which, as appeared to the other unplanned and labyrinthine cities which predominated in North India at that time, was laid out according to the strict principles of town planning set down in the "Shilpa Shastra" an ancient Hindu creative architecture. In the year 1728 - 34 he built the Jantar Mantar (j(y)antra = instrument, device; mantra = magic formula) his open air observatory or outside astronomical instrument. In mathematics and astronomy, as in war and town- planning, Jai Singh did nothing by halves -- his scientific inventiveness were supposed to property emerged when, aged 13, he devised an irrigation system to water the hanging gardens of Amber Fort. The most central of the seven right-angled comprises of city Palace complex, containing the Palace itself, the administrative quarters, the Jantar Mantar (Jai Singh' S remarkable observatory) and the janana mahals or the women’s Palaces, where the maharajas held dubious honor of maintaining more wives than any of his predecessors, although most of these alliances were motivated more by political expediency than by amorous compulsions.
As ardent of Vaishvanite in 1714 he reinstated the image of Govind dev, removing it from the impressive red sandstone temple built by his ancestor Raja Man Singh, at Vrindavan and later installed it in 1719 within the city Palace complex. The City was not an first year aesthetic Triumph; its stout walls served to protect its in inhabitants from invaders, encouraged merchants and trades people to flock here and further serving to enhance -- the city' s growth and prosperity. Jai Singh’s Interest in the Arts, Sciences and Religion fostered to their development in Jaipur, and the royal court became a centre of an intellectual and artistic endeavor. As a scholar and owner of Arts, He attracted some of the most leaars, astronomers, teachers, writers, poets, architects, lawyers, painters and preachers to his court. An extraordinary amount of literary activities took place in his reign, surpassing in its ranges and volume any of his predecessors of successor. Sawai Pratap Singh
Sawai Pratap Singh became the Maharaja at the Age of 14 after the death of his brother Prithivi Singh. He ruled from 1778 to 1803. His 25 year rule witnessed many spectacular achievements and strategic failures. Being constantly goaded by the Marathas and the mughals He had to face repeated threats and has heavy drainage of funds. He is known as the great ruler of Jaipur for his sincere devotion to Lord Krishna. The fountains behind the Govind Dev temple are credited to him, his poetic talent and patronage of Arts and Crafts. The finest example of his connoisseur ship is the single and unique monument of Hava Mahal--the Palace of the Winds. Writing under the penname Brijnidhi, He composed many poems and songs in broad variety of meters.