East Java is one of Indonesia provinces
. It is located on the eastern part of Java Island and also includes Madura and Bawean Islands.
It state in the west neighbour of Bali,across the small strait of Bali. East Java has a variety of attractions, from temple sites to scenic beaches, a sand-sea, highland-lakes, volcanoes, marine gardens and wildlife reserve. Magnificent mountain scenery include the crater and sea of sand at mount Bromo, the "sulfur mountain" Welirang and rugged lien Plateu. Little of former glory of Majapahit Empire, still stands in East Java today with the exception of temple ruins and some archeological discoveries. East Java's claim to fame in modern history is tis vanguard role in the struggle for independence againts colonial forces in1945.
The administrative center of the province is located in Surabaya, the second largest city in Indonesia and a major industrial center and port. It's capital, Surabaya is second to Jakarta in size, population and commerce. East Java si also the most industrialized province in the nation. Its economy is based on agriculture, fishery, oil industries, coffe, mangoes and apples. Connected with the rest of Java by good motor roads and train services, there are also air services between Surabaya and other major cities in the country including Bali which is only half an hour's flight a way. It is also eaily accessible by road and regular ferry from Bali and Java. Madura island, famous for its bull races, is part of the province of East Java, tought it has its own tradition and language. Fossilized remains of prehistoric animals and the site of the Java man at Trinil, Ngawi, will tatalize the archeologist, as well as numeour temple ruins dating from the 7th century AD.
The wide of East Java area is 47,921 sq km. Two thirds of the areas is mountainous with approximately 48 mountain. The highest peak, mount Semeru is the highest in Java. The Brantas (314 km) and Bengawan Solo (540 km) are the two big rivers. This area is located between 5o 37' and 8o 48' South Latitude and between 110o 54' and 115o 57' East Longitude East Java is bordered by :
North side : Java Sea
South side : Indian Ocean
West side : Central Java Province
East side : Bali Strait
The East Java Province consists of 29 regencies, 8 municipals and 2 administrative towns with Surabaya as its capital city.
Its topical climate means that October to April is the wet season, and May to September is the dry season with an average temperature of 20-30o
C. The rainfall in East Java is relative low, on average of 2,000 mm per year.
East Java province of various communities such as Javanese and Maduranese with their culture, tradition and customs.
The population is almost 33 million people acccupy about 48,000 square kilometer (including Madura island).
Angklung an ensemble of bamboo instrument quite popular in Banyuwangi. Gandrung dance, a classical dance dedicated to Dewi Sri, the goddess of rice. Popular in Banyuwangi as well.
Bull race (karapan sapi) a regular attraction at the stadium of Pamekasan, Madura Labuhan Sesaji. A thanksgiving ceremony held by fishmen of Muncar, Banyuwangi and Suro.
Reyog Trance Dance traditional Ponorogo dance with 15 dancer wearing peacock-feather headdresess and tiger mask.
Tayub Dance, a popular social dance from Nganjuk. 120 km southwest of Surabaya. This dance is usually perfomed at wedding parties or other celebratory gatherings where the dancers use their scarfs to invite guests to join them.
East Java is a wild region with many beatiful peaks, smoking volcanoes and breathtaking scenery. It's the least densely populated of Java's provinces. Two hid area is mountainous and hilly slopes with an approximately 48 mountains with the highest peak of mount Semeru as the highest in Java. East Java it self is always closely connected to the famous Mount Bromo.
As the city of province, Surabaya offers a unique blend of history and modernity. This fast growing city is the seat of goverment and business activities. Declared as "The City of Heroes" since 1945, it stands in stark contrast to the wider places that surround it. Surabaya is linked to the birth of Indonesia Nation, as it was here that the battle of independence began.
Also visit Kalimas Harbor to Experience a welcome change from the traffic and noise of the city, the Heroes Monument that stands aloof and proud in town, built to honor the heroes fallen during the "Battle of Surabaya". There all still other historic trasures such as Mojopahit (LMS) Hotel, Grahadi Hall and a number of great monuments spread across Surabaya.
After a full day exploring Surabaya's attraction you may wish to put your feet up or let your hair down. Go to the theater or night club and your only problem will be how to choose from all that's offered. Don't forget to spend more time to visit other places arround Surabaya.