Types of Art
In general, art is distinguished by the senses penserapannya art audio, visual arts and audio-visual arts.
Audio art is art that is absorbed through the senses of hearing. For example: the art of music or sound, radio drama, poetry on the radio and others.
Visual art is art that is absorbed through the sense of sight. Commonly known as the fine arts.
Audio-visual art is an art that once absorbed by the sense of hearing with the sense of sight. For example: the art of dance, drama / theater, film and others.
Besides, there is another art that does not emphasize the kind of sense penserapannya the literary arts. Included in the literary arts is the art of prose shaped like a romance, novel, short stories, and others. And the art form of poetry as poetry, rhymes, couplets, and the poems of the other free form. General characteristics of the prose is a description of a state or imagination in detail. While the general characteristics of poetry is the essence or the ultimate expression of an aesthetic experience or imagination.
To learn more about the subject of the boundaries of each of these arts, can put forward some general introduction about the various arts that is including the following:
1. Fine arts
- Fine arts
- Art Music
- Arts Drama / Theater
- Literary Arts.
Fine art is a form of human work that contains elements of beauty. Its beauty is absorbed by the senses of sight, such as: painting, sculpture, sculpture, graphic art, environmental art (environmental art), art installations, performance art (performing art), arts events (art happening) and so on. Pleasure caused by the alignment of form elements of the work is such a variety of colors, alternating lines, various forms of field-field, he described the object shape similarities with the painting, which expresses the thematic aspects, uniqueness, texture, etc. . While simple in the sense of beauty is something that gives pleasure to the selfless people who see it. The pleasure appear immediately due to the beauty of the work itself, not because there are other interests that made him feel good.2. Art Music
Art of music or sound art is art that is absorbed through the senses of hearing. Circuit noise can be heard giving the feeling of pleasure and satisfaction for those who hear it because of the harmony of the composition of the series scales these sounds.
Broadly speaking there are two kinds of music is vocal music and instrumental music.Vocal music is music that simply relying on the human voice alone, while the instrumental music is the music from playing musical instruments.3. Dance
Dance is an art that is absorbed through the sense of sight. But the specificity is the beauty which is enjoyed on the movements of the body, especially the movement of the feet and hands, with a regular rhythm, usually to the music. Dance can not be separated from the fine arts because motions are shown absorbed in the sense of sight.4. Arts Drama / Theater
Drama / theater is an art or a role play that is generally played on the stage. The art is enjoyed once by the sense of sight and hearing senses. In another expression of art is also called the art of drama theater (stage). In general, an image of a natural event or the imagination that brought back on stage. The beauty of the drama lies in the accuracy of the storyline is played by the players on stage.
Saini KM theater events in his book (1996), writes the art of theater is the art world of the threshold, the threshold for turning to the sense of everyday experience and turned also to the world of values.5. Literary Arts
Literary art is the art of arrangement proposed by both oral and written language that can cause a sense of selfless love for the people who read it. Broadly speaking, the art of literature can be grouped into two broad categories, namely prose and poetry.Prose is a literary art which tried to describe the circumstances, the desire, or imagination in detail. While poetry is an art that tends to simplify the description by capturing the heart of the matter is to be disclosed.
Citing the opinion of Alexander Smith (1835: 366), Sutrisno (1999: 132) in his book Aesthetics Grid wrote: the main difference between prose and poetry. Prose is the language of the artist''s mind, while poetry is the language of feelings. In prose artists communicate an understanding of sensory things or thoughts, while in poetry artists reveal how these things hit, touch our feelings. Included into the category of prose is the literary form of the novel, serialized, short stories, essays and criticism put forward ideas of culture. While the poems are included in the category of rhymes, poems, and other poems in various forms.
Sources: Insight Books Art By Drs. Dermawan Sembiring, M. Hum.