Jawarharlal Nehru was born on November 14,1889, to Swaroop Rani, the wife of Motilal Nehru, a wealthy Allahabad based barrister and political leader himself. Nehru was a great freedom fighter and an outstanding statesman of India. He studied at Harrow school in England, staying there for two years before entering Trinity College at the University of Cambridge where he spent three years earning an honours degree in natural science. He qualified as a barrister after two years at the Inner Temple, London.
In 1912, Nehru returned to India after spending seven years in England and practised law in the Allahabad High Court. Nehru was however not interested in his profession as a lawyer but was more keen on country affairs and desired to serve the people. Nehru joined the campaign initiated by Gandhiji which advocated 'ahimsa' (non-violence) and 'swaraj' (self-rule). As the rebels were punished, Nehru found himself in prison several times. He occupied much of his time in prison writing. His major works include 'Glimpses of World History' (1934) , his 'Autobiography' (1936) and 'The Discovery of India' (1946).
Nehru was the first man to have been elected President of the Indian National Congress four times. In 1946, he was appointed President of the first Interim National Government formed in India and on 15th August, 1947 when India became free, Jawarharlal Nehru became India's first Prime Minister.
Nehru had always wanted him countrymen to follow the path of truth and peace and was a great believer in world peace and in one world government. Even though, Nehru had fought for freedom against the British, he, a follower of Gandhi's beliefs, never believed in violence. Even though he went to jail several times for rebelling, he bore no malice towards the English but rather he remained the best friend of Britain all his life. Nehru's first cause was the 'liberation of mankind'.