SAHAJ AND SIKHISM
By Sarabjeet Singh
The ultimate objective of the preachings of Sikhism, is to achieve a Sahaj state of mind.
A state which is in complete balance, is natural and spontaneous. A state in which the divine wish and our deeds are in complete harmony with each other.
A unique feature of Sikhism, is the obesiance and worship by Sikhs, of the holy scripture GURU GRANTH SAHEB’ as the LIVING GURU. Guru Granth of Sikhs , is composed in ragas and is in the form of poetry, and consists of the utterances of the six sikh Gurus along with the recitations of realised saints like Kabir, Namdev, Ravidas etc.
On Sahaj Nanak says,
‘SAHAJE KO SAB KO LOCHDA, JETA SAGAL SANSAR’
Meaning: The whole world is desirous of attaining the state of sahaj.
He writes further,’VIN SAHAJE SAB ANDH HAI, MAYA MOH GUBAR’
Meaning: Without Sahaj ,we are all immersed in the blind veil of Maya(Mammon).
According to Nanak,the whole world consists of three types of people.
Firstly, those who are Tamo Gunis , those who want to acquire material wealth and worldly pleasures, by hook or by crook, Secondly Rajo Gunis ,those who are more circumspect, and worry about the right means and methods of acheiving their goals.Thirdly, the Sato Gunis, those who try to follow the path of dharma in their lives. Beyond these three gunas or states of Maya ,is the Sahaj state, in which one is beyond these three gunas or becomes Guna teet.
The way to reach such a state in Sikhism is through, (1) 'Seva’ - the selfless service to mankind.( 2.) Through’Bhakti’ i.e. through kirtan /dwelling upon his virtues. (3) By Simran i.e.by meditating upon his name and repeating the guru mantra of “VAHEGURU”, taken from the letters of four yugas (eras) Va for Vasdev, Ha for hari , Ga for gobind and Ra from Ram .Thus when we utter ‘VAHEGURU’, the Kundalini Shakti, gets awakened. It reaches the Sahastradhar for realized souls but doesn’t reach there in case of non realized ones.
Nanak says of such a person, who has achieved sahaj state,
“SAHAJE GRIH MEIN SAHAJ UDASI, SAHJE DUBIDHA MAN KI NASI.
JA KE SAHAJ MAN BHAYA ANAND, TA KAO BHETIYA PARMANAND.”.
“SAHJE AMRIT PEO NAAM, SAHJE KENO JEE KO DAAN.
SAHAJ KATHA MEIN ATAM RASIYA, TA KE SANG ABINASI BASIYA.”
“SAHJE ASAN ASTHIR BHAIYA, SAHJE ANHAT SABAD VAJAIYA.
SAHJE RUN JHUN KAR SUHAIYA, JAKE GHAR PARBRAHAM SAMAIYA.”
“SAHJE JA KO PARIYO KARMA, SAHJE GUR BHETIYO SUCH DHARMA
JA KE SAHAJ BHAIYA SO JANE , NANAK DAS TA KE QURBANE. “
Such persons peform all their actions in a sahaj way. They laugh and live in sahaj, eat and drink in a sahaj and natural manner, in a sahaj manner they give alms, do good deeds ,in sahaj they meditate, in sahaj they remember him, in sahaj they drink the nectar of love , in sahaj their true religion is awakened.In sahaj they become thoughtless, in sahaj they become one with the divine.In sahaj they listen to the anhat naad.
Nanak says, such is this exalted state of sahaj , that he isv even willing to sacrifice his own life for such a person.
Guru Gobind singh, the tenth guru of the Sikhs, who baptized them with amrit and gave them a separate identity with five K- signs,namely Kara (the iron bangle), Kanga (the comb), Kes the hair), Kacha (the long underwear)and Kirpan ( the sword). He created a unique individual who was a saint and soldier at the same time, a combination of Bhakti and Shakti.
It seems Guru Gobind Singh , was a worshipper of the Bhagwati , as is evident from his writings.
On completion of the writing of the holy granth saheb , he wrote in thanks,
‘KRIPA KARI HUM PAR JAG MATA, GRANTH KARA PURAN SUBH RATA’
Meaning:The divine mother of this universe showered her blessings on me ,therefore I was able to complete this granth.
In his auto biography he writes,
“HEM KUNT PARBAT HAI JAHAN, SAPT SRING SOBHAT HAI TAHAN
VAHA HUM ANIK TAPASYA SADHI, MAHAKAL KALKA AARADHI”
Meaning: In my previous life, I did lot of penance at Hemkunt Mountain, and worshipped the supreme lord and the Adi Shakti or the primordial mother(KALKA). Aaradhi means worshipping a female deity.
He composed ARDAS, the prayer of Sikhs.This prayer is recited by all Sikhs in a standing manner , after performing any religious ceremony, and is part and parcel of Sikh’s everyday ritual.
He writes,’ EK ONKAR SATGURU PRASAD, SHREE BHAGAUTI JI SAHAI’
Meaning: Remember the one creator, who is realised with the grace of true guru , and then seek the assistance and blessings of Bhagwati.
In second line he writes,
“VAR SHRI BHAGAUTI JI KI PATSHAI DASVI”
The verse of shree Bhagwati and the ten true gurus.
In the third line he writes,
“PRITHAM BHAGAUTI SIMAR KE GURU NANAK LAI DHIAYE”
First and foremost , remember the Bhagwati and then Nanak and the other gurus thereafter. So he kept Bhagwati mother over and above Nanak and the other Sikh Gurus. Such seemed to be his regard for the Bhagwati.Thus all Sikhs, unknowingly or knowingly worship and seek the blessings of Bhagwati everyday.
Sikhism preaches the realization of union with divine in a sahaj manner, and can aptly be described as Sahajayoga.
In everyday life, which is in the fast track mode these days,it is extremely important to attain the sahaj, natural and spontaneous state of mind, to lead a peaceful, happy and joyous life.