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Shvoong Home>Arts & Humanities>Introduction of consumer law Summary

Introduction of consumer law

Article Summary   by:Amit Sharma     Original Author: amit sharma
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INTRODUCTION OF CONSUMER LAWThe consumer movement in India is as old as trade and commerce. In Kautilya’s Arthashastra, we can find reference to the concept of consumer protection against exploitation by the trade and industry, short weightment, adulteration and punishment for these offences. However, these were top organised and systematic movement, safeguarding the interest of the consumers. Prior to the independence, the main law under which the consumer interests were considered in India were Indian Penal Code, Agriculture production grading and marketing Act, 1937, Drugs and cosmetics Act, 1940. Even though different parts of India exhibited different levels of awareness, In general, then general level of awareness was very low and inadequate.Further an average India consumer was well known for this Patience and tolerance. Even during 1960’s and 1970’s consumerism in India was still in redimentary form. Consumerism in those days consisted mainly of some action by certain individuals, usually addressing their own grievances problems. Even this was greatly limited by the resources available with those individuals. These were little organised effort of attempt to take up ‘weder issues’ that affected consumers or the general public at large.However. This scenario has changed in the 1980’s with the Supreme Court led concept of ‘public interest litigation (PIL). The supreme court of India gave individuals and the newly formed consumer groups, an easy access to the law and introduced a board public interest perspective. INTRODUCTION OF CONSUMER LAWThe consumer movement in India is as old as trade and commerce. In Kautilya's Arthashastra, we can find reference to the concept of consumer protection against exploitation by the trade and industry, short weightment, adulteration and punishment for these offences.
However, these were top organised and systematic movement, safeguarding the interest of the consumers. Prior to the independence, the main law under which the consumer interests were considered in India were Indian Penal Code, Agriculture production grading and marketing Act, 1937, Drugs and cosmetics Act, 1940. Even though different parts of India exhibited different levels of awareness, In general, then general level of awareness was very low and inadequate.Further an average India consumer was well known for this Patience and tolerance. Even during 1960's and 1970's consumerism in India was still in redimentary form. Consumerism in those days consisted mainly of some action by certain individuals, usually addressing their own grievances problems. Even this was greatly limited by the resources available with those individuals. These were little organised effort of attempt to take up ‘weder issues' that affected consumers or the general public at large.However. This scenario has changed in the 1980's with the Supreme Court led concept of ‘public interest litigation (PIL). The supreme court of India gave individuals and the newly formed consumer groups, an easy access to the law and introduced a board public interest perspective.
Amit Sharma
Published: December 12, 2006   
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