The term Baroque refers to the extravagant, dynamic and lavish style that flourished in the art forms of Europe between 1600-1750(approx). The art forms refer mainly to paintings, sculpture and architecture, though the term baroque can also be extended to the art of music and literature. Baroque in Portuguese refers to “irregularly shaped pearl=barocco) and implies the defiance of the established rules of art. The origin of Baroque art can be traced to Italy and some places in Northern France, Belgium and South Western Holland. The art form of Baroque was used by the Roman Catholic Church as a source of imagination, in order to spread its religious doctrines, against the principles of Protestantism. Though the Baroque style art and architecture served initially the Roman Catholic Church, it later spread throughout Europe implemented in different ways in different countries. The major Baroque painters and sculptors along with their major works are as follows:Rubens, Peter Paul: (1577-1640) Flemish painter Works: Descent from the Cross (1611-14),The Kermesse (1622), War and Peace (1629-30), Chateau de Steen (1636), Judgment of Paris (1638-39)Caravaggio, Michelangelo Merisi da:(1571-1610) Italian painter Works: The fortune teller (1595),The musical party (1597), St. Jerome writing, Supper in Emmas, Martyrdom of St. Matthew’s.Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini: (1598-1680) Italian painter, sculptor Sculptures: Neptune and Triton (1620), Apollo and Daphne (1622-25), Ecstasy of St.
Theresa (1645-52).Dominichino: (1581-1641) Italian painter. Works: Last communion of St. Jerome (1614), Maiden with a Unicorn (1602), The Hunt of DianaCorregio:(1489-1534) Italian painter. Works: Madonna and child with Saints Jerome and Mary Magdalene (1529), Adoration of Shepherds (1530), Madonna of St. Francis (1514) Outside the country of Italy, the concept of Baroque as an art form was implemented only in the late 18th century .The most important country where the Baroque art style was much used was in Germany.e.g. in the church of Vierzenhrheiligen near Bamberg ,”The Fourteen saints” (1743-1772) by John Balthasar Neumann. In Spain and Portugal, the notable Baroque artist was Bartholomew Murillo (“ Immaculate Conception”). In France and England the art form of Baroque was not fully accepted, though its effect can be seen in the architecture in these two countries (“ The Palace of Versailles” in France and “St. Paul’s cathedral ”in England). The Baroque style gave way to the Rococo style in the 18th century, mainly in France and Germany.