I. THE DESPONDENCY OF ARJUNA DHRITARASHTRA SAID: 1. What did Pandu's sons and mine do when they assembled together on the sacred plain of Kurukshetra, eager for battle, O Samjaya ? SANJAYA SAID: 2. Having seen the army of the Pandavas drawn up in battle-array, prince Duryodhana then approached his teacher and spoke (these) words: 3. "O teacher, look at this grand army of the sons of Pandu, marshalled by thy talented pupil, the son of Drupada. 4. "Here are heroes, mighty archers, equal in battle to Bhima and Arjuna; Yuyudhana Virata, and Drupada, the master of a great car (maharatha). 5. "Dhrishtaketu, Chekitana, and the valiant king of Kasi, Purujit and Kunti Bhoja, and that eminent man Saibya; 6. "The heroic Yudhamanyu and the brave Uttamaujas; the son of Subhadra and the sons of Draupadi, all masters of great cars (maharathas). 7. "But know, O best of the twice-born, who are the most distinguished among us, the leaders of my army; these I name to thee by way of example. 8. "Thyself and Bhishma, and Karna, and also Kripa, the victor in war, Asvathaman and Vikarna, and also Jayadratha, the son of Samadatta. 9. "And many other heroes who have given up their lives for my sake, fighting with various weapons, all well-skilled in battle. 10. "This army of ours protected by Bhisma is inadequate, whereas that army of theirs which is under the protection of Bhima is adequate.
11. "And therefore do ye all, occupying your respective positions in the several divisions of the army, support Bhisma only." 12. His mighty grandsire, (Bhisma), the oldest of the Kauravas, in order to cheer him, sounded on high a lion's roar and blew his conch. 13. Then, all at once, conches and kettle-drums, cymbols, drums and horns were played upon, and the sound was a tumultuous uproar. 14. Then, too, Madhava and the son of Pandu, seated in a grand chariot yoked to white horses, blew their celestial conches. 15. Hrishikesa blew the Panchajanya; and Arjuna blew the Devadatta. Bhima, (the doer) of terrible deeds, blew his great conch Paundra. 16. Prince Yudhishthira, the son of Kunti, blew the Anantavijaya, while Nakula and Sahadeva blew the Sughosha and the Manipushpaka. 17. The King of Kasi, an excellent archer, Sikhandin, the master of a great car, Dhrishtadyumna and Virata, and the unconquered Satyaki; 18. Drupada and the sons of Draupadi, O Lord of earth, and the son of Subhadra, of mighty arms, all together blew their respective conches.