Martial Arts : Tradition
attraction on this one fall into the category of dance, in an effort to
preserve the tradition, especially one of the interesting traditions in Lombok
is Peresean (in Lombok) or bakaraci (in Sumbawa). possible for people outside the
region of NTB is not humane tradition but for the indigenous people of this
tradition precisely in Lombok is a traditional ceremony to establish
brotherhood and add friends.
“Peresean” is the
martial arts community by using a rattan Sasak (penjalin in Sasak language) as
a weapon and a shield or rectangular made of deer skin or cow skin (ende in
Sasak language). These skills naturally regenerated by the community as a folk
game which then developed in a more organized in the form of the game event, held
at the village, subdistrict, district until after the island of Lombok.
Traditional attraction “peresean” conducted by male
adolescents and adults who complain martial skills with the ability of rattan
canes game with the main target of the opponent’s head. The game is said to
complete when there is between a pair of fighter to beat the opponent section
head (chin up) until dripping blood. Someone who already have good skills will
be given the title “Pepadu” (fighter). A fighter with the ability of its ready
to accept the target “anyone”. To give birth to a “Pepadu” will naturally
selected when he emerged as winners in various games.
Pepadu (fighter) in the forming process running physical and
spiritual exercise. Physical exercise is generally conducted related to daily
physical activity as a fighter, carrying heavy loads, etc.. Skills play a
rattan cane as a weapon obtained from direct instruction when they watch the
technical blow by the more senior “papadu” event during the game or come sit
with him. In this game there is also a rattan cane that pepadu which seeks to
develop technical game technical with branch and trident on the martial arts
(silat). A spiritual Traffic pepadu in sharpening through spiritual charging by
a spiritual teacher through a ritual process which he believes. Related to
this, the traditional martial arts is called “PERESEAN” that comes from the
word “per-isi-an” meaningful fill power.
PREPARATION OF SOMEONE PERESEAN (PEPADU) TO ARENA
Because this is a cultural tradition and original art Lombok
so not surprisingly, to become a Pepadu also through several processes in
accordance with the myths and traditions that are believed society.
Preparation made before playing a pepadu bath at the
junction of two streams meeting times, showered with water lingkok. (water is
obtained by making small holes alongside a river), rub the body with a coarse
foliage. The process of filling this science called “Bejariq” means entering a
magical power into the body. Before leaving to fight the Pepadu place will be
cleaned by his mother’s shoulder with a broom made from “kroman” or stalk of
Some restrictions and the cause of defeat is believed to be
by Pepadu for example, came out to compete when there is death in the village,
dream shower, having a husband – wife, to see genitals and breasts of women,
met with the cleft or the blind side.
PREPARATION FOR START PERESEAN
1. Class Distribution
Fighter in peresean divided into 3 classes, teen classes,
adult classes and class “Pepadu”. In the teen class with a class called
“beginner” or “berajah / ngurukan” adult classes are usually called “Cashew
beneq” or looking for prospective candidates Pepadu / Fighter. What is the
highest class “Pepadu” or they are fighting the warlords who often represented
the region to do battle in a game at the district and provincial levels.
The difference between these classes is that if the usual
adult beginners class and compete, the official organizer of the selection to
rival each pair of players. A “pekembar” / weights are giving consideration to
decide a match couples based on the size of body posture and age. As for the
class “Pepadu” they do not need to look for opponents based on physical size or
age. This class is called by ‘Mate Tanding’ means no use of physical size or
age. Every person who holds “Pepadu” ready to fight anyone indiscriminately.
They are considered to have the technical ability and magic that has been
2.Arena and Equipment
Broad arena peresean adjusted with the level of activity
with an estimated capacity crowd. For the arena game takes approximately 12 m2
to 30 m2. Common arena in the form of squares or rectangles. In a matter of
magic in this direction and the presence versus the sitting position the
fighters can determine victory. Usually when one fighter group present in the
arena, his spiritual advisor gives guidance where they will sit on pepadu.
Peresean tools consist of:
Rattan cane with a diameter of 2 cm – 2.5 cm. with a length
of 110 cm. Rattan is made in pairs with the same criteria of length, as large
and as strong. For once implementation is usually the organizers set up around
Rattan-cane peresean is formed in such a way by winding
thread mattress at the base, middle and end so as not slippery and gives effect
to the punch.
Ende – or shield made of wood and bamboo frame
covered with deer skin or cow skin. Ende size is typically 40 x 60 cm. At the
center of the rear provided a tool holder from the timber for ease in lifting