In early 1918, a party called the Freier Ausschuss für Einen Deutschen Arbeiterfrieden (Committee for the Free German Workers'' Peace) was founded in Bremen, Germany. Anton Drexler, a locksmith and poet, founded a branch of this association on March 7, 1918, in Munich. Drexler was a member Farherland party during World War I, and is one opponent of the peace treaty between the Allies with Germany that ended World War I in 1918. He has a view like most militant nationalists at the time: against the Versailles Treaty, anti-Semitic and anti-Marxist, and believed in the superiority of the Aryan race. He also believes that international capitalism is part of the movement of Jewish domination throughout the world and accused the capitalists take advantage (profit) from World War I. Drexer also holds that chaos and political instability is because they do not want to care about small people.
In 1919, Drexler, with Gottfried Feder, Dietrich Eichkart and Karl Harer, change the party name to Deutsche Arbeiterparte (German Workers'' Party), or commonly abbreviated as DAP
In 1919, Rohm joined the party. There, he met a veteran of World War I, aged 30 years: Corporal Adolf Hitler was the same as Rohm, hate groups and the Jewish Communists. Hitler also joined the German workers'' party in 1919. On the card he listed membership numbers 555 members, although in reality he was a member number 55, the party was individually numbered from 500 to its members looks a lot.
Hitler was no different than thousands of other ex-soldiers in Munich, he go alone without a steady job. But now he has realized the natural talent to berorasi and attract people to join his party, so it has a dominant role there. He channeled hatred, anger over the war ended with a fiery speech. Hitler was always talking about what he called injustice damaiVersailes agreement signed at the end of World War I. Under the agreement, the Germans lost a lot of territory. and forced to pay compensation to the winner nations. In early 1920, inflation is rampant out of control, finance is completely destroyed so that the German people think that democracy can not produce anything.
In Bayern, in 1921 Hitler was crowned the party leadership that the small German workers. Its name in turn into Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei ("Nationalist Socialist German Workers Party"), abbreviated NSDAP
. It was just one of many right-wing party in Munich and they all say the same: Versailles is a crime and Jewish group was behind him.
Hitler dynamism coupled with uncompromising tone through his speeches began to attract residents of other leading Bayern to turn to a new Nazi party. In 1922, an accomplished aviator award holder "Pourle Merite" and Richthodenber squadron commander in World War one to join the Nazis. Nazis also spread its influence into rural areas Bayern. There, an agriculture student who originally wanted to be a chicken farmer, Heinrich Himmler, joined the Nazi (later on, he was appointed as supreme commander of the SS). Experiment revolution
In January 1923 in the Ruhr, the French troops came to ask for payment of war indemnity, alienate and insult the German people. France ruled them with an iron fist. German people regard this as an attempt of revenge. Nationalist sentiment began to grow in Germany. As a result, the number of members of the Nazi Party increased dramatically to about 20,000 people. The reaction to these events was an upsurge of Nationalist sentiment. Nazi Party membership grew sharply, to about 20,000.
Hitler and Nazi Germany take advantage of people''s dissatisfaction
In Munich in 1923, in an atmosphere of crisis caused by the occupation of the Ruhr, Hitler and his Nazis began to act. Hitler stands on stage Burgerbrau Keller on November 8, and stop right-wing political meeting, he called for the implementation of a national revolution to overthrow the leftist government in Berlin. The next day, November 9, 1923, the Nazis, along with other right-wing party paraded in Munich to gather support. They were stopped by police dimonumen Feldherrenhalle war. Initially, the Nazi military and police hope to support the parade and join with them, but the opposite happened, the police do not support them, shots were fired and participants of the parade disbanded. Fortunately for Hitler, he had escaped from the shooting. 4 police officers and 16 members of the Nazis lost their lives. In addition to killing the police, some followers of the Nazis also did a bank robbery in action.