Diponegoro War history 1825-1830
a. Background Resistance
Prince Diponegoro was the original name Raden Mas Ontowiryo, son of Sultan Hamengkubuwono III. Because
the Dutch influence was so great in the palace of the Diponegoro prefer
to stay at home in the village Tegalrejo grandchildren.
In general the causes of resistance Diponegoro and his followers are as follows:
1. In general the causes of resistance Diponegoro and his followers are as follows:
2. Customary courts ignored the Dutch authorities to sit parallel to the Sultan.
3. Influx of Western cultural influences disturbing the clergy and nobility. For example the dance until late at night, drinking.
nobles felt aggrieved because in 1823 the Netherlands to stop the
system of land lease rights of the nobility by private entrepreneurs. As a result, the nobles must return the rent money he had received.
5. Many kinds of taxes that burdened the people such as land tax, house tax, livestock tax.
b. Road Wars
What is the process that performed the Diponegoro resistance? Diponegoro pertahannya focus on Selarong hill, while his family evacuated to the area Deksa. Diponegoro resistance followed by the farmers, the clergy and nobility. Followers of Prince Diponegoro, among others, Kyai Mojo from Surakarta, Kyai Hasan Besari of Kedu. The battle extends in Banyumas, Pekalongan, Semarang, Apex, Madiun and Pacitan. In addition to support from the Regents also supported by the young warlord Ali Sentot Prawiradirjo tongue. On July 30, 1826 date Diponegoro army won a battle in close Lengkong and dated August 28, 1826 at Delanggu. By
the people, prince Diponegoro was appointed the Sultan with the title
"Sultan Abdulhamid Clark Amirulmukminin Sayidin Panotogomo Khalifatullah
How the Dutch strategy to break the Diponegoro resistance? Faced with a guerrilla war conducted using tactics Diponegoro Dutch fort stelsel. What is the purpose of the Netherlands? Stelsel
Fortress is a tactic that is done by establishing the fort as a center
of defense in territories it occupied to narrow the space for the
Diponegoro resistance. Besides General De Kock set as the center of military power Magelang. This tactic worked quite well, some followers of Diponegoro caught and surrendered. Kyai Mojo negotiating with the Netherlands on October 31, 1828.
The next action is to persuade the Dutch followers of Diponegoro to give up and managed, among others, against Mangkubumi. Sentot Ali Basa Prawirodirjo Imogiri surrendered and signed an agreement in October 1829.
How the Dutch attempts to subjugate Dipdonegoro? At first the Netherlands announced a reward of 20,000 ringgit to anyone who can give Diponegoro alive or dead. This does not work, then be the next way through negotiations. The first meeting on February 16, 1830 in the village by Colonel Kamal Cleerens Romo. The next negotiations dated March 28, 1830 at the residence of the Resident Kedu. Negotiations failed even Diponegoro was arrested and detained in Batavia, the next date of January 8, 1855 brought to Makassar.