Zombie is a man who has died but his body was resurrected. Legend
zombies came from Afro-Caribbean beliefs are better known as Voodoo,
explained that the man who has died can be controlled and used as slaves
by witches (bowl) is strong. Zombies became popular when raised in a horror film Night of the Living Dead in 1968. There are some etymology which refers to the origin of the word zombie. Hail them is jumbie, taken from the West Indian language which means ghost. Another word is nzambi origin, derived from the Kongo language which means ''spirit of the dead''. According
to Merriam-Webster dictionary, the word zombie began to be included in
the vocabulary of the English language in 1871, derived from the word
meaning zonbi people believed to have died and rose again without being
able to speak or have a reason.
According to Voodoo belief, people who have died can be accepted by the bowl or voodoo witch. Zombie will remain under the control of bowl because it no longer has the desire. ''Zombi'' juka be a nickname for the Voodoo snake god Damballah Wedo. In the native language of Niger-Congo, said nzambi means god. Which
also exist in the Voodoo tradition is that the energy of life zombies,
namely the human spirit itself, held by the bowl to increase his magic
1937, while researching the life of indigenous people in Haiti, Zora
Neale Hurston encountered the case where a woman appeared in a village
where her family claimed she was Felicia Felix-Mentor, a volunteer who
had died and was buried at age 29. Hurston
speculated that the mysterious woman was revived not by ritual but with
certain traditional medicines, but he failed to find strong evidence.
decades later, Wade Devis, a ethobotanist from Harvard, presented a
pharmacological case of zombies in two books namely The Serpent and The
Rainbow (1985) and Passage of Darkness: The Ethnobiology of the Haitian
Zombie (1988). Davis
traveled to Haiti in 1982, and as a result of his investigation he
claimed that a human life can be turned into zombies by using two
special powder that goes into the blood. The
first powder called coup de Poudre (French for ''powder strike'')
containing tetrodotoxin (TTX), and animals found in pufferfish. Bukuk second is a mixture of powder plant that one of them named Datura. Both of these powders can transform a normal human being into a state of ''dead'', no desire and pale. Symptoms of TTX poisoning is characterized by a rigid body, dizziness, fainting to death. According to neurologist Terence Hines named, forbidden to wear tetrodoxin scientific community because of harmful effects.
the Middle Ages, the belief that the spirits of the dead can come back
to earth and haunt the man who is still alive is very common. This belief is a lot written contemporary European authors such as William of Newburgh and Walter Map. According
to the Encyclopedia of Things That Never Were from the French, their
spirits return to earth in general aims to take revenge for the
injustices of life got in the past. They look like a human skull or corpse that was rotten, and then wandered around the graveyard at midnight. Nurse Draugr of medieval mythology is also believed to be the corpses of the soldiers who stood up and can attack. Besides in Europe, there is also a zombie legend all over the world. Call it Chinese, Japanese, Indian, Persian, Arabic, until the Native American tribes.
In Popular Culture
zombies, as is widely featured in books, movies, games, and more., Very
different from the voodoo zombies or zombie original legend. Zombie
dedefinisikan known today as the heartless monster, is not prudent, and
have a hunger for human flesh or blood of the living. The
concept of the modern zombie movie since Night started sticking og the
Living Dead was released where they can injure and even kill a living
human, and humans are bitten will usually turn into a zombie too. They
are generally created by the outbreak of disease or exposed to certain
chemicals that make normal people turn into zombies. Night
of the Living Dead (1981 became the first movie that raised the idea of
mutagenic gas as the cause of changing someone into a zombie, which
keemudian imitated by artificial Trioxin tanun And O''Bannon in 1985.
Sebgai depicted modern zombie undead with a pale face, eyeball white , slow and shabby. But movies like 28 Days Later, Dawn of the Dead or house of the dead drawing zombie can move faster.