Sangkuriang is a legend among Sundanese people, Indonesia. The legend tells about the creation of lake Bandung, Mount Tangkuban Parahu, Mount Burangrang and Mount Bukit Tunggul.
From the legend, we can determine how long the Sundanese have been living in Java island.
From the legend supported by geological fact, it is predicted that the
Sundanese have been living in Java island since thousand years BC.
The legend of Sangkuriang was almost certainly a story of oral
tradition before being written down. The first written reference to
Sangkuriang legend appeared in the Bujangga Manik
manuscript written on palm leaves at the end of the 15th century or the
early 16th century AD. Prince Jaya Pakuan, alias Prince Bujangga Manik or prince Ameng Layaran, visited all of the sacred Hindu sites in Java island and Bali island at the end of the 15th century AD. Using palm leaves, he described his travels in archaic Sundanese. His palm manuscript was taken to England by an Englishmen and put at the Bodleian library, Oxford, in 1627.
He legend of Sangkuriang contains a philosophy enlightening (Sungging
Perbangkara or sun) for anyone (plant Cariang) who is still doubt of his
existence and wants to search his humanity identity / spirit
The result of this search will bear enlightened
consciousness (nurani) as real truth (Dayang Sumbi, Rarasati). But if
the search was not accompanied by carefulness and awareness (toropong or
binocular), then he will be mastered by continuing anxiety (mastered by
Tumang) which will bear egos, that is, the soul which has not been
enlightened (Sangkuriang). When the conscience annoyed again by the
anxiety (Dayang Sumbi ate the heart of the Tumang) then the real
awareness will lose. The compunction of the conscience is wreaked by
beating arrogance of Ego Ratio (the head of Sangkuriang is beaten). The
arrogance also force the Ego Ratio to leave the conscience. And the
arrogance of the Ego Ratio which despairingly seeks for science
(intellectual intelligence) during its adventure in the world
(eastward). At the end, the Ego Ratio returns westward consciously or
unconscious seek for the conscience (the meeting of Sangkuriang and