The reaction of the native Americans ahead of the Spanish invasion everywhere was of great astonishment, having varied in accordance with each region. From native documents, as much of Peru how much of Mexico description of an atmosphere of religious terror is observed it, as Wacthel characterizes, exactly before the arrival of the Spaniard. Prophecies and omens had predicted the end of the times. Tenochtitlán was illuminated during nights for a fire column that covered the sky, causing general agitation. The temple of Huitzilopochtli was destroyed by a mysterious fire and of Xiuhtecuhtli for some rays. The Chilam Balam of the Mayans predicted the dawn of a new was and the arrival of the children of the sun and in Peru, a series of violent earthquakes, had disturbed the last years of Huayna Capác. All America, gave credit that these omens and prophecies indicated the return of deuses and at some moments they had believed that the arrival of the foreign ones was the proper return of deuses. The proper Montezuma receives the Spaniard as deuses, exactly not having all the same impression, the terror that if it soon installed of the arrival of those bearded and strange white men, mounted in creatures of four legs and, later with the arrest of Montezuma and death of some natives, was enough so that all the population entered in true followed panic of a violent war that finally, registered the fall of the city of Tenochtitlán.
The fall of the city determined the end of the kingdom of the god sun, thus the terrena life lost the meaning, only remained to the indians the death, a time that deuses had died. In the Incaico Empire the Inca was adored as a god, guaranteeing the harmony of the universe. The death of Atahualpa represented for the society the disappearance of the alive control point of the universe, the brutal destruction of its order. The rightened people already did not know what to make or for where to go, they were without its king and some even without its family, did not remain nothing of the one more than to fall in the disaster. Thus, the empire seems not to resist and finishes losing. In accordance with Nathan Wacthel, these facts register a dramatical and tragic defeat of the American peoples, what it guaranteed to these a deep trauma of the conquest. WACTHEL, Nathan. The indians and the Spanish conquest. In BETHEL, Leslie. (org) History of Latin America. São Paulo: EDUSO, D.F.: Foundation Alexander de Gusmão, Critical, 1999 (vol.1)