Baroque ( fr. Baroque - "rich ornaments” por. barocco -" the pearl of irregular shape ") was a key trend in the Central and Western culture (from the end of the sixteenth century to the eighteenth century). Baroque cover the whole of all forms of literary and artistic activity, but also the philosophy and architecture. Baroque opposed to the Renaissance classicism, deep religiosity and mysticism. In an era that produced the two main currents of thought: empiricism - its aim was to explore the world through the senses and experience the mind descends into the background here; rationalism - he believed that wisdom is acquired only through the power of the mind, from the beginning of the Baroque period had a pejorative meaning . In the eighteenth century was associated with all eccentricities and degeneration, which can be watched in the art of the sixteenth and seventeenth century (for example, Michelangelo's sculpture of that time). Stems from Baroque mannerism and the Renaissance, in the second half of the sixteenth century in Italy. Across Europe, popularized only in the seventeenth century. In the eighteenth century, Baroque was transformed into the rococo, and then on classicism in art and the enlightenment of science. The most important features of the Baroque are: movement, pathos, originality, richness of resources, the richness, dynamism, religious and mythological themes, theatrics, allegory and used a personification.