IzaakNewton was born on 25 December 1642r in the small town of Lincolnshire, England. His father, a small landowner, died przedurodzeniem a son. My mother gave the child two years of education grandmother.
In childhood, Newton possessed tremendous curiosity and showed a lot of manual dexterity. Keeping the farm was not his destiny. In 1661 he joined was entered against the student in Trinity College, Cambridge. The program then consisted mainly of university studies arytotelesowską philosophy. AFTER two years, however, Newton lost his desire to study the Nicomachean Ethics. On its own initiative, began studying the works of Francis Bacon, Descartes and other scientists, and make note of them. His passion became a mathematics and celestial phenomena.
In 1664 Newton was a scholarship student Trinity, which after receiving the title bakalaurata next year, would allow him to freely carry out their own work. An obstacle faced wilelka immediately, the university amknięto in 1665roku. He returned to his mother for two years. Created calculus-there branch of mathematics that allows the calculation of the rate of change of any wielkości.W also discovered at that time, at least in part, the universal law of gravitation, formulated the basic laws of mechanics and studied the nature of light.
In 1667 he returned to Trinity College became a member uniwerstytetu in Cambridge. In 1669 Newton Isaac Barrow became the chair of mathematics Lucas. He built the first telescope reflects that aroused great interest, so that in 1672 became a member of the Royal Society.
Prepared a comprehensive treatise on the mathematical principles of natural philosophy. In this section we formulated the three principles of dynamics and law of universal gravitation, and made many observations, confirming their validity.
Newton''s Law proclaim:
1.Jeżeli the body does not work no power, it moves at a constant speed. The body remains at rest so long as it does not work on them no power. This is the principle of inertia.
2.Przyspieszenie body is directly proportional to the forces acting on them and vice versa proporcjonlane to its mass. This law can be expressed by the equation: force equals mass multiplied by acceleration F = ma.
3.Każda share it produces equal and opposite reaction