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Shvoong Home>Arts & Humanities>Religion Studies>VIBRANT INDIA (Fairs & Festivals) Summary

VIBRANT INDIA (Fairs & Festivals)

Book Summary   by:rns1947     Original Author: Ravindra Nath Srivastava
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(For Publishers & Publication)01-INDIAN FAIRS & FESTIVALS India is a rich land which has attracted invaders from Central Europe and Asia who left their imprint on this land, its religions and its lifestyles over 40 centuries. As a result, today, Indian celebrates more festivals than any other country. Nonetheless, Indians are known to celebrate all the festivals with great fan fare and importance. Festivals in India are determined by the Solar & Lunar positions & they may fall in a different month as specified here. Festivals are an intrinsic part of the Indian way of life, a golden thread that runs through its cultural fabric. Given the size of India, the vast diversity of its people, religions, cultures, languages and terrain, it is not surprising that there are a variety of festivals being celebrated all the year round. 02- Some Major Fairs Of India KUMBH MELA - Prayag (Allahabad), Uttar Pradesh The Kumbh Mela, one of the India's largest fairs, takes place in a 12-year cycle at Prayag (Allahabad), Hardwar, Nasik and Ujjain. The holiest of these is the mela at Prayag, at the confluence of the rivers Ganga, Yamuna and the mythicalSaraswati. Millions of pilgrims at Prayag to bathe in the Ganga during the mela.The largest religious gathering in the world. According to astrologers, the 'Kumbh Fair' takes place when the planet Jupiter enters Aquarius and the Sun enters Aries. 03-HOLI - THE FESTIVAL OF COLOURS Holi Festival is one of the biggest festivals of India that falls on the full moon day in the Hindu month of Phalgun (March). On the eve of Holi Festival a bonfire ceremony called Holika Dahan is observed to mark the triumph of good over evil. The main day of Holi Festival is celebrated by playing colours with friends and dear ones in a harmonious atmosphere. As the brief spring warms the landscape, northern India cuts loose for a day of hijinx and general hilarity. 04-DIWALI-The Festival Of Lights Diwali is the festival of lights and is celebrated with great enthusiasm by all Indians all over the world. The uniqueness of Diwali festival is its harmony of five varied philosophies, with each day to a special thought or idea. The festivities surrounding Diwali encourage people to gather and socialize with friends and family, exchange gifts and share home-cooked meals. The diwali gifts exchanged on this occasion reflects joy, splendor, brightness and happiness. 05- Durga Puja Clay idols of Bengal are famous for the skilled and traditional way in which they are made. The fundamental rule to be followed is that all things used should come from the river. The clay artisans labor hard for months to produce some of the most beautiful images of Goddess Durga at the festival time. Bamboo sticks are used to make the skeletal structure of the idol and the platform on which it stands. 06-Dussehra This day marks the triumph of Lord Rama over Demon king Ravana. On this day, Rama killed Ravana. Rama was asked to go on exile because his stepmother, Queen Kaikeyee was tricked into asking King Dasaratha to exile him for 14 years. Rama's wife Sita, and his brother Lakshmana went with him willingly. 07-MAHASHIVARATRI Shiva is also known as Nataraja or Nateswara (Lord of dance). Shiva is characterised by an angry temperament and we are told, he has a third eye on his forehead that emits fire if opened.
The unfortunate Madana who dared disturb Shiva's meditation was reduced to ashes when Shiva opened his third eye, enraged by Madana's having disturbed his Tapasya (meditation). Shankara = Shankha Kara ? 08-Ganpati Festival On this day, a beautiful idol of Lord Ganesh is made of clay or some metals like silver and it displaced in a high pedestal. Then the idol is anointed with saffron paste and sandalwood and offerings are given to it. They include tulsi leaves, white lily flowers, durba grass twigs, red sandalwood, red vermilion powder, panchamrita (a mixture of milk, honey, curd, sugar and water), etc. Then tmove ceremoniously around the lord seven times and lie down on the ground face down to salute him. Then Laddoos are given as prasadam to the lord and later distributed to the devotees. After the ritual worship, the idol of the Lord is immersed in nearby waters like a tank, river or sea. 09-Festival of Chhath Puja The Chath festival of sunworship is celebrated mainly in Bihar, Eastern UP and other parts of India where large of Bhojpuri speaking populace is present. It is a festival in which mothers pray for long and healthy life of their children. The Mothers observes fast for the full day and in the evening when moon rises she gives worships moon. Again in the morning mother worships Rising SUN by standing in the river water or pond. 10-Id-Ul-Zuha And Id-Ul-Fitr Id-Ul-Zuha Also called Bakrid, Id-ul-Zuha, is a festival of great rejoice. Special prayers and exchange of greetings and gifts marked the Id-ul-Zuha (Bakrid), the festival of sacrifice, celebrated with traditional fervour and gaiety in India. Id-ul-Zuha is a reminder of Prophet Ibrahim's readiness to sacrifice his son for God's sake. It also marks the completion of Haj (pilgrimage to Mecca). On this day, special `Dua' is recited by thousands of muslims for peace and prosperity. 11-Christmas The idea to celebrate Christmas on December 25 originated in the 4th century. The Catholic Church wanted to eclipse the festivities of a rival pagan religion that threatened Christianity's existence. The Romans celebrated the birthday of their sun god, Mithras during this time of year. Although it was not popular, or even proper, to celebrate people's birthdays in those times, church leaders decided that in order to compete with the pagan celebration they would themselves order a festival in celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ. Ravindra Nath Srivastava, 2/413, Vivek Khand, Gomtinagar, Lucknow-226010(U.P.) INDIA Phone:91 522 6536507 srivastava_rn@yahoo.com
Published: February 24, 2007   
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